1996. Zur Pflegeversicherung.
Lange Jahre war eine Pflegeversicherung ein umkämpftes, ein strittiges Thema. Unbenommen war von allen Seiten immer zu hören, daß es nötig sei, das Pflegefallrisiko abzusichern. (In German.) Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs3/zurpfleg.html
1998. Zur Lage der Assistenznehmer in Deutschland.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/bartz199802.html.
Brown, Steven E
2000. Zona and Ed Roberts: Twentieth Century Pioneers.
Disability Studies Quarterly.
Brown, Steven E. 2000. "Zona and Ed Roberts: Twentieth Century Pioneers." In: Disability Studies Quarterly 20 (1)(Winter 2000), 26-42.
Brown, Co-Founder of the Institute on Disability Culture, in the United States, has written a biographical description of two disability rights pioneers. Many people know the history and legacy of Ed Roberts, but far fewer realize the impact of his mother, Zona, and her own contributions apart from Ed to the disability rights movement. This is their story. Internet publication URLs: http://www.independentliving.org/docs3/brown00a.html and http://www.independentliving.org/docs3/brown00a.pdf (132 KB.) brown00a.pdf (131.54 KB)
Stars of Hope Society, Ramallah, Palestine
2008. Workshop on Article 19 in the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities "living independently and being included in the community".
Report on the workshop on Article 19 “Living independently and being included in the community“ of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities held in Ramallah, West Bank, Palestine on October 30, 2008. The organizers were Stars of Hope Society, Ramallah, which is an organization of women with disabilities, and Handicap International.
StarsofHopeSociety20081115.pdf (115.64 KB)
1997. Women with Disabilities: Issues, Resources, Connections Revised.
The materials in this information packet were compiled for anyone interested in learning about the lives of women and girls with disabilities. The packet is made up of five parts: PART I. Overview Article: Obstacles to Equality: The Double Discrimination of Women with Disabilities. PART II. Annotated Bibliography: Articles, journals, books, and other resources on women with disabilities. PART III. Teaching Others: An annotated listing of resource and teaching materials about women and girls with disabilities. PART IV. Building Connections: Where to find further resources for and about women with disabilities. Including services, support groups, organizations, and periodicals. PART V. World Wide Web Pages: This section provides web sites about and by women with disabilities and covers a variety of topics. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs3/chp1997.html
2000. Why People with Disabilities in Tanzania Deserve Economic Empowerment.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/tomric200008.html
1998. Why Disability Rights Movements Do Not Support Euthanasia: Safeguards Broken Beyond Repair.
We believe that euthanasia is another technique to free society of disabled people and another expression of the ableism in western societies. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs5/Wolbringeuthanasia.html
1982. Why Asia Rejects Western Disability Advice.
This paper reviews psycho-social and religious factors, professional motivations and political inequalities, that have prevented any widespread adoption of "community-based rehabilitation" by Asian governments. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/miles_m1982why_asia_rejects_western_disability_advice
2001. Wheelchair Ease: The Internet, England, & My Summer Vacation.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs3/tusler01.html
1994. What is Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR)?
This paper tells why CBR is needed, and why there are many different views about what CBR is and how it should be done. It was written for the International League of Societies for Persons with Mental Handicap (now "Inclusion International"). It uses language that is easy to read. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs2/milesm1994.html
Handi Cap Evasion
1997. What is a Joëlette?
Read about how one parent's invention made travelling easier and more pleasant for his son, despite the latter's disability. The Handi Cap Evasion Website is at www.hce.asso.fr/eng/ (in English and French). Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/joelette.html
Brown, Steven E
1998. What Happened To Architectural Accessibility?
Dr. Steven E. Brown, Co-Founder of the Institute on Disability Culture, in the United States, discusses the issue of architectural accessibility and wonders why this so-called easy aspect of accessibility can still be so difficult to find and why more people aren’t talking about and taking action to increase architectural accessibility. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/column/brown1_00.html.
Dube, A K
1990. What Do We Mean by Development?
A.K. Dube of the Southern Africa Federation of the Disabled (SAFOD) Regional Development Officer discusses features of the development-underdevelopment process as it relates to disabled people and their organizations. He notes that people can only liberate or develop themselves if they are able to identify the forces that constrain or oppress them. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/dube1990development
Cowan, Ross, Watson Bob
1997. What do I want to do? a DIY guide to self-assessment for Disabled people
This Gateshead Personal Assistance Pilot Project quide provides information and advice to disabled people who wish to live independently by using personal assistance. The Guide focusses on assessing your needs. Internet publication URLs: www.independentliving.org/docs4/gateshead1.html and www.independentliving.org/docs4/gateshead1.pdf
gateshead1.pdf (34.78 KB)
1999. We (Disabled People) Must Learn to Exert Ourselves.
Disability Awareness in Action Newsletter no. 74, July 1999.
According to Abidi, Executive Director, National Centre for Promotion of Employment of Disabled, India, with 60-70 million disabled people in India, disability is clearly a social issue, a socio-economic issue, a development issue. Why then is disability not a national issue? Internet publication URL: http://www.independentliving.org/docs1/abidi.html.
Brown, Steven E
1996. We Are Who We Are: So Who Are We? Musings on the definition of disability culture
Dr. Steven E. Brown, Co-Founder of the Institute on Disability Culture, in the United States, provides a short definition of disability culture and places the difficulty of definitions in the context of power struggles. First published in Mainstream: Magazine of the Able-Disabled, August 1996. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs3/brown96b.html.
Bahn, Erik, Bahn Tina
1991. Waste disposal in the household - recycling systems for everyone.
This report, by the architects Erik & Tina Bahn, describes a project their architectural firm carried out for the Danish Building Development Board. The project was to develop and test recycling systems for waste disposal in the home which were as user-friendly and usable for as large a group of the population as possible. In: "Report of the Fourth International Expert Seminar on Building Non-Handicapping Environments: Access Legislation and Design Solutions Budapest, Hungary, September 2-4, 1991" (PDF, 480 KB). Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest3.html. In Internet publication URLs: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest1.html and www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest.pdf.
1987. Vocational Rehabilitation: Barefoot Realities in North West Pakistan.
A project was developed at Peshawar, Pakistan, for learning the components and processes of making cheap, basic items of everyday life and offering these to disabled young people as small-scale crafts to practise at home and to sell locally. The crafts are economically marginal, with earnings insufficient for self-support, yet they can make a financial contribution to the family budget. This changes the disabled person's role and can lift self-esteem and initiate improved attitudes, while remaining within local capacities and ecology. An earlier version of this paper appeared in the African Rehabilitation Journal (1987) Vol. 2 (10) 13-14. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs3/milesm1987a.html
1990. Visit to Angola: Where Civilians are Disabled as a Strategy of LIC.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/werner1990visit_to_angola
Iglesias, M, Gil G, Joneken A, Mickler B, Knudsen J S
1998. Violence and Disabled Women.
The report describes the situation of women with disabilities who are abused, analyzes various types of violence, describes general policies combatting violence against women with disabilities in Denmark, Germany, Sweden and Spain, and offers policy recommendations. It was carried out under the METIS project, European Unión DAPHNE initiativ. Internet publication URLs: www.independentliving.org/docs1/iglesiasetal1998.html (In English) and and www.independentliving.org/docs1/iglesiasetal1998sp.html (In Spanish).
2007. Vilken är din typ? - Erfarenheter av assistansanordnare
Internet publikation URL: www.independentliving.org/Erfarenheter-av-assistansanordnare.html och www.independentliving.org/assistanskoll/Erfarenheter-av-assistansanordnare.html
2004. A View from Ethiopia.
The author, a professional with a disability, reports about some of the difficulties faced by disabled people in Ethiopia. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/column/seifu200402.html
1999. Vi måste lära oss att hävda oss.
Disability Awareness in Action Newsletter, nummer 74, juli 1999.
According to Abidi, Executive Director, National Centre for Promotion of Employment of Disabled, India, with 60-70 million disabled people in India, disability is clearly a social issue, a socio-economic issue, a development issue. Why then is disability not a national issue? Internet publication URL: http://www.independentliving.org/docs1/abidisv.html.
Dr. Adolf Ratzka
1993. Vi behöver alternativ till färdtjänsten!.
STIL-modellen som visade sig så framgångsrik på personlig assistans-området kan med fördel användas även på andra områden som t ex individuella resor. Artikeln publicerades i DN i mars 1993. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/taxi/ar199303.html (In Swedish.)
Dr. Adolf Ratzka
2008. Vem sparar i LSS-kommitténs förslag?
Internet publication URL:http://www.independentliving.org/ratzka20081001
2001. Valuing Diversity: The Disability Agenda - We've Only Just Begun.
Dr. Jane Campbell, Chair of the Social Care Institute for Excellence in England, presented this paper at the Bristol University Centenary Celebration on 9th November 2001, as part of their series of lectures on Valuing Diversity. She concludes, amongst other things that, "Well firstly we have to acknowledge that independent living is a human rights issue. Secondly, society has to learn not to retreat from the nettle even though it causes pain. The voice of the so-called radicals that dare to tell it how it is must not be dismissed." Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs6/campbell20011109.html
Cowan, Ross, Watson Bob
1997. Vad vill jag göra? En DIY (do it yourself, "gör det själv") manual/guide till självbedömning för personer med funktionsnedsättning
This Gateshead Personal Assistance Pilot Project quide provides information and advice to disabled people who wish to live independently by using personal assistance. The Guide focusses on assessing your needs. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs4/gateshead1b.html (In Swedish.)
Berg, Susanne, Jahanmahan Farhad
2004. ”Vad sysslar du med?” är ett radioprogram om arbetsmarknaden för unga med funktionshinder och lagen om förbud mot diskriminering i arbetslivet
Vad man sysslar med, vilket arbete man har är av mycket stor betydelse i vårt samhälle. Arbetet är en stor del av den personliga identiteten; en del som inte enbart har betydelse för individens ekonomiska situation men också för hur sociala relationer inleds, formas och utvecklas. Tillgången till arbetsmarknaden är alltså en nyckelfråga för svenskarna. Vi fokuserar i det här programmet på ungdomar med funktionshinder och hur deras entré i arbetslivet ser ut. Lyssna-MP3 (26:57 minuter, 25,3 MB), lyssna-RealAudio, download-RealAudio (8,9 MB). Programmet i text. Deltagare:Pontus Degsell, Fredrik Larsson, Torbjörn Andersson (Handikappombudsmannen), Christina Järnstedt (LO) och Hanna Sejlitz. Intervjuer och research: Farhad Jahanmahan och Susanne Berg.
Dube, A K
1990. Vad menar vi med utveckling?
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/dube1990utveckling
1992. UWZ efforts in improving accessibility in Zanzibar Stone Town.
This report by H. Khalfan to the CIB Expert Seminar on Building Non-Handicapping Environments, Harare 1992, relates why Zanzibar Stone Town is inaccessible for persons with disabilities. He presents steps being taken to improve the situation. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibharare10.html
1991. Utvecklingsprojekt av och för personer med funktionsnedsättning.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/dispeopleintldev3sv.html
Batavia, Andrew I
1998. Utsikter för ett Nationellt Personlig program för personlig assistans: att öka valmöjligheter för personer med funktionsnedsättning.
Andrew Batavia är Associate Professor vid School of Policy and Management, College of Urban and Public Affairs, Florida International University, North Miami, Florida. Artikeln, Prospects for a National Personal Assistance Services Program: Enhancing Choice for People with Disabilities, är tidigare publicerad i American Rehabilitation Volym 24, nummer 4 Vintern 1998 Personal Assistance Services del 2 av 2. American Rehabilitation är Rehabilitation Services Adminsitrations (RSA) officiella organ. Adress: 330 C Street S.W Washington D.C. 20202-2531. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs6/batavia1998sv.html.
Bracking, Stuart, Cowan Ross
1988. Using a home care agency - A question and answer guide for Disabled people.
An introduction to personal assistance for people with disabilities, including definitions and dozens of practical questions with straight-forward answers. Internet publication URLs: www.independentliving.org/docs4/bracking98.html and www.independentliving.org/docs4/bracking98.pdf.
Dr. Adolf Ratzka
1993. The user cooperative model in personal assistance: The example of STIL, the Stockholm Cooperative for Independent Living.
Origins and description of the first European personal assistance user cooperative, the STIL (Stockholm Cooperative for Independent Living) project as of 1993 which served as model for the Swedish Personal Assistance Reform of 1994 by STIL's founder. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs5/ratzka199301.html.
Dr. Adolf Ratzka
2002. User control over services as a precondition for self-determination.
Plenary presentation at Danish EU Presidency Seminar on "Quality of Life and Quality in Services for People with Disabilities," Copenhagen, October 31-November 1, 2002. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs4/ar200210.html
1998. The University of Washington, Access To Higher Learning.
This guide outlines universal design principles to develop accessible college and university computer labs. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/doit1998.html
Aslaksen, Finn, Bergh Steinar, Bringa Olav Rand, Heggem Edel Kristin
1997. Universal Design Planning and Design for All.
This report attempts to develop and illustrate the concept of universal design, which opposes, ideologically and politically, all unnecessary and stigmatizing specialized solutions. The principles and definitions of universal design were developed by The Center for Universal Design, USA. The Norwegian State Council on Disability. Internet publication URLs: www.independentliving.org/docs1/nscd1997.html and www.independentliving.org/docs1/nscd1997.pdf (5.26 MB)
Maine CITE Coordinating Center
2000. Universal Design: Maine's Opportunity To Lead the Way To Information Access For Everyone.
In September 1997, leaders from Maine State government, business, education, and the non-profit community gathered for the Conference, Maximizing Economic Potential. The Conference looked at how government and education can lead the way in ensuring that information technologies accommodate differing needs and provide access for everyone. This report is the outcome of that effort. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs5/maine-web-accessibility.html
1999. United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan's Message on the International Day of Disabled Persons.
In his message on the International Day of Disabled Persons, 3 December 1999, Kofi Annan, the Secretary General of the United Nations, spoke about the theme of the day, accessibility, with a reminder that for many people with disabilities, the lack of access to essential services remains a source of discrimination and lost opportunities. Accessibility in the broadest sense of the term is a prerequisite for disabled people to enjoy equal opportunities. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs6/annan1999.html.
1982. United Nations Decade of Disabled Persons 1983-1992, World Programme of Action Concerning Disabled Persons.
This UN report concerns the Implementation of the World Programme of Action concerning Disabled Persons, including the implementation of the Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs4/WPACDP.html WPACDP.pdf (142.97 KB)
1998. United Kingdom Single Family Access Law.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs6/concrete-change1998.html.
ULOBA–Cooperative on Personal Assistance
2003. Uloba - Independent Living Norway Cooperative for Consumer controlled Personal Assistance.
Presented at the European Network on Independent Living (ENIL) conference in Southampton, England, 7-9 March 2003. Internet publication URL: http://www.independentliving.org/docs6/uloba200303.html
1995. Tricycle Production Manual - Vehicle design for people with disabilites in developing countries.
The tricycle is designed primarily for disabled people in Asia, since the result is a joint effort between four Asian organizations. The Tricycle Production Manual has been developed for basically skilled and equipped workshops in developing countries. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs5/tricycle.html
1999. Training Manual for Media and Disability Rights.
Rachel Hurst is the Director of Disability Awareness in Action, London, England. The document is a training manual for organisations of disabled people, as guidance for seminars with the media on disability as a rights issue. It is based on a three-day seminar where media delegates from all over English speaking Africa met in Harare, Zimbabwe in 1998 to share experiences and to work out a way for using the media to get the human rights message across. As well as a suggested programme for a seminar on media and disability rights, organisational guidance and tips for trainers and workshop leaders are provided which should prove useful for any training seminar or workshop that organisations may wish to run on any other subject. ISBN: 1 89037 31 0. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/hursttm99.html
Dr. Adolf Ratzka
1992. Towards an operational definition of Personal Assistance.
"Personal" assistance means that users exercise the maximum control over how services are organised and custom-design their services according to their individual needs, capabilities, life circumstances and aspirations.
1996. Towards a more helpful society.
Research on assistive devices that make daily tasks easier is seen as a tool for empowering both those with disabilities and their care-givers. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/bang1996.html
Imparato, Andrew J
1999. Toward an Inclusive Definition of Disability.
In reaction to the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling on their interpretation of the definition of "disability," the National Council on Disability (NCD) is submitting this inclusive definition of disability by Andy Imparato. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs5/imparato.html
1985. Toward a Politics of Disability: Definitions, Disciplines, and Policies.
The purpose of this study is to examine the values contained in three major definitions of disability, to examine the policy implications of each of these definitions, and to appraise the extent to which research in various disciplines of the social sciences has facilitated or impeded the development of a new conceptualization of the issue. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs4/hahn2.html
Dr. Adolf Ratzka
1992. Tools for Power: A Resource Kit for Independent Living.
The aim of the "Resource Kit" is threefold: (1) to empower disabled individuals and organizations of disabled persons, (2) to serve as a handbook for professionals, and (3) to aid NGO's in their disability work. It was a project of the Independent Living Committee of Disabled Peoples' International.
2005. To live a self-determined life - The story of a young man with disabilities from Austria.
Preconditions for de-institutionialization in Austria. Jochen Baumschlager’s move from a 500 bed institution to a life in freedom.
Lyssna-MP3-svensk (30:56 minuter, 29 MB), Lyssna-MP3-deutsch (28:49 minuter, 27 MB). Internet publication URLs: www.independentliving.org/radio/jochen-baumschlager.mp3, www.independentliving.org/radio/jochen-baumschlager-de.mp3, www.independentliving.org/radio/jochen-baumschlager-sv.html, www.independentliving.org/radio/jochen-baumschlager-en.html, www.independentliving.org/radio/jochen-baumschlager-de.html Finkelstein, Vic
1975. To Deny or Not to Deny Disability - What is disability?
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/finkelstein.html
Berg, Susanne, Jahanmahan Farhad
2004. "Tillgänglighet! Nu!" - ett radioprogram om Marschen för tillgänglighet och personer med funktionshinders kamp mot diskriminering.
Den tjugoförsta augusti 2004 marscherar personer med funktionshinder för andra året i rad genom centrala Stockholm. Från Wennergren Center marscherar de genom Stockholm, fram till Mynttorget och Riksdagen. Kravet är lagstiftning som förbjuder diskriminering genom otillgänglighet. "Tillgänglighet! Nu!" - ett program om Marschen för tillgänglighet och personer med funktionshinders kamp mot diskriminering. 2004. Lyssna-MP3 (26:35 minuter, 24,9 MB), lyssna-RealAudio, download-RealAudio (8,75 MB). Programmet i text. Deltagare: Marschdeltagare och arrangörer. Musik: Joel Granström och Synliga. Intervjuer och resesearch: Farhad Jahanmahan och Susanne Berg. Internet publication URLs: www.independentliving.org/radio/marschenfortillganglighet2004.mp3, www.independentliving.org/radio/marschenfortillganglighet2004.ram, www.independentliving.org/radio/marschenfortillganglighet2004.rm och www.independentliving.org/radio/marschenfortillganglighet2004.html.
2002. Think Piece - 'Sticks and Stones' But words are hurting!.
Dr. Jane Campbell, Chair of the Social Care Institute for Excellence in England, discusses the importance of language and particular words. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs6/campbell2002a.html
1st European Congress on Independent Living
2003. Tenerife Declaration - Promote Independent Living - End Discrimination against Disabled People.
The Tenerife Declaration, signed in Tenerife in April 2003, is a policy document agreed upon by four hundred participants from many European countries and calls for the European Union to implement the policies outlined in the Declaration. The Declaration calls for full and equal participation of disabled people in society through recognizing Independent Living as a fundamental right of all disabled people and implementing policies to facilitate Independent Living. From the1st European Congress on Independent Living, Tenerife April 24-26, 2003. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs6/tenrife20020426en.html
Uritsky, Felix M
1991. Technical aids and accessibility problems.
Presentation of a project emphasising assistive devices and legislation to create a barrier-free environment for people with disabilities and elderly people. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest33.html
Independent Living Institute
2003. Taxiprojekt gav livskvalitet.
Svensk Handikapptidskrift 3/03, s. 13. Internet publikation URL: www.independentliving.org/taxi/sv-handikap2-03s13.pdf
2003. Taxi för kunder - inte för kollin.
RTP LIV. April 2003, s. 14-16. Internet publikation URL: www.independentliving.org/taxi/rtpliv200304s14-16.html och www.independentliving.org/taxi/rtpliv200304s14-16.pdf (In Swedish).
2003. Taxi för alla-projektets utvärdering - kvalitativ sammanfattning.
Internet publikation URL: www.independentliving.org/taxi/ingelstam200303.html
de Vylder, Stefan
2003. Taxi för alla-projektets utvärdering - ekonomisk sammanfattning.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/taxi/vylder200303.html (In Swedish). vylder200212.pdf (258.41 KB) vylder200212.doc (126 KB)
Dr. Adolf Ratzka
1999. Taxi för alla: Förslag till pilotprojekt.
För allmänheten utgör taxin ett viktigt komplement till de kollektiva färdmedlen buss, pendeltåg, spårvagn eller tunnelbana. För människor med funktionshinder gäller det i ännu högre grad. Vi vill visa att enkla och eleganta lösningar kan förbättra även vår rörlighet i stadstrafiken. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs5/taxiSv.html (In Swedish.)
2001. Taxi för alla.
i SamtransNytt juni 2001. Internet publikation URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/samtr5.html (In Swedish).
1997. Symposium on Disability and Human Rights.
Closing address by Ms. Mary Wallace, T.D., Minister of State at the Department of Justice, Equality and Law Reform. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs2/enilirishspeech9711.html
Carter QC, The Hon William
2000. Sydney Olympics 2000 Website Accessibility Decision: Bruce Lindsay Maguire vs Sydney Organising Committee for the Olympic Games: Reasons for Decision of the Hon. William Carter QC, Inquiry Commissioner..
Sydney Olympics organizers were taken to court for having an inaccessible Website, which is in violation of the Australian Disability Discrimination Act of 1992, and lost the case. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs5/sydney-olympics-blind-accessibility-decision.html
Dr. Adolf Ratzka
2004. The Swedish Personal Assistance Act of 1994.
Presentation in Helsinki, Finland, 2004-10-14. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs7/ratzka200410b.html
Dr. Adolf Ratzka
2004. The Swedish Personal Assistance Act of 1994.
Adolf Ratzka (Director of the Independent Living Institute), personal assistance and ventilator user for over 40 years, describes the features of the Swedish Personal Assistance Act of 1994 using his personal example as an illustration for the possibilities the policy opens up for people with extensive disabilities. Keynote address, Japanese Ventilator Users’ Network Symposium, Tokyo, 2004-06-23. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs6/ratzka20040623.html. Japanese version (PDF, 209 KB), Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs6/ratzka20040623-japanese.pdf.
1992. Swaziland National Association of the Disabled.
Phillip Dhlamini of Swaziland briefly reports about progress being made by the Swaziland National Association of the Disabled. The organization was officially registered as an organization of disabled people in 1991. Drafted legislation is given pertaining to accessibility, human rights, equal opportunities, and Independent Living. In: Report of the CIB Expert Seminar on Building Non-Handicapping Environments Harare, Zimbabwe, January 16-18, 1992. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibharare6.html.