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Disability Awareness in Action (DAA).  1996.  About Disability Awareness in Action.
Disability Awareness in Action (DAA) is an international public education campaign to promote, support and coordinate national action to further the objectives of the United Nations Decade of Disabled Persons (1983-1992) and the World Programme of Action Concerning Disabled Persons (WPA). DAA is a partnership between the following organizations: Disabled Peoples' International (DPI), IMPACT, International League of Societies of Persons with Mental Handicap (ILSMH), Rehabilitation International (RI), and World Federation of the Deaf (WFD). Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs2/daa-about.html
Dunn, Peter A.  1991.  Accessible housing legislation and policies: A framework for future policy development.
This paper focuses on the range of policy and legislative issues which need to be tackled in order for countries to promote a barrier-free housing environment, while looking at housing rights and civil rights of people with disabilities. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest6.htm
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Dr., Ratzka Adolf;.  2013.  "Back to Our Roots" Adolf Ratzka Plenary Presentation ENIL Strasbourg Freedom Drive September 6 2013.
Disability Net 2000.  2000.  Buses for All (Europe) - A Brief Presentation.
A briefing outlining the Australian government’s plans to improve transportation accessibility for disabled people. Other briefings from the year 2000 detail the progress and problems of the EU Bus and Coach Directive and a campaign by the action group, Buses for All (Europe), to make buses accessible for all people with disabilities. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/buses3.htm
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Doty, Pamela J.  1998.  The Cash and Counseling Demonstration: An Experiment in Consumer-Directed Personal Assistance Services.
The "Cash and Counseling" Demonstration/Evaluation is a large-scale public policy experiment designed to test the feasibility and assess a consumer-directed approach to the financing and delivery of personal assistance services (PAS). Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs4/ar398.html
DeJong, Gerben.  1988.  The challenge of middle age for the Independent Living Movement.
Early in the movement, persons with physical disabilities wanted to be viewed as competent, self-directed, and capable of managing their own lives. Persons whose capacity for self-direction had been compromised threatened that image of competence. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/toolsforpower/tools3c.html
Dunn, Peter A.  1997.  A Comparative Analysis of Barrier-Free Housing: Policies for Elderly People in the United States and Canada.
This paper identifies policy issues in creating barrier free housing for elderly people with disabilities in the United States and Canada. The strengths and weaknesses of a variety of policy approaches are contrasted. The approach in the United States which emphasizes individual housing rights is compared to the more social welfare approach used in Canada. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs5/dunn1997b.html
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Doe, Tanis.  1998.  Definitioner av Independent Living (IL) världen över.
En av de primära grundsatserna av IL filosofin är att sociala problem inte stammar från funktionsnedsättningen hos individen utan från samhällets misslyckande i att möta samhällsmedborgarnas behov. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs4/doe1998.html (In Swedish.)
Mahoney, K J, Simon-Rusinowitz L, Desmond S M, Shoop D M, Squillace M R, Fay R A.  1998.  Determining Consumers' Preferences for a Cash Option: New York Survey Findings.
The purpose of this article is to present findings from a telephone survey conducted in New York to assess consumers' preliminary interest in the cash option when compared to traditional services. Internet publication URLs: www.independentliving.org/docs4/ar498.html
PDF icon ar498.pdf (59.02 KB)
Disability Awareness in Action (DAA).  1996.  Disability Awareness in Action Resource Kit No. 1, Media Information.
DAA's Media Information Resource Kit helps to change the structures of society and attitudes, and to support your cause through traditional media. Internet publication URLs: www.independentliving.org/docs2/daakit1.html and www.independentliving.org/docs2/daa1.pdf
Disability Awareness in Action (DAA).  1996.  Disability Awareness in Action Resource Kit No. 2, Consultation and Influence.
DAA's Consultation and Influence Resource Kit helps to unite organisations as advocates for their own rights to influence decision-makers in governments and all sectors of society. Internet publication URLs: www.independentliving.org/docs2/daakit21.html and www.independentliving.org/docs2/daa2.pdf (146 KB)
Disability Awareness in Action (DAA).  1996.  Disability Awareness in Action Resource Kit No. 3, Campaigns.
DAA's Campaigns Resource Kit offers ideas for campaigns, things to be considered if you are to run a successful campaign and some real-life examples. Internet publication URLs: www.independentliving.org/docs2/daakit31.html and www.independentliving.org/docs2/daa3.pdf (103 KB)
Disability Awareness in Action (DAA).  1996.  Disability Awareness in Action Resource Kit No. 4, Organisation Building.
DAA's Organisation Building Resource Kit looks at how organisations of disabled people can improve their structures and the way they work. nternet publication URLs: www.independentliving.org/docs2/daakit41.html and www.independentliving.org/docs2/daa4.pdf
Disability Awareness in Action (DAA).  1996.  Disability Awareness in Action Resource Kit No. 5, Fund-Raising.
DAA's Fund-Raising Resource Kit gives ideas about your disability organisation's funding strategy - how to raise and use money effectively. Internet publication URLs: www.independentliving.org/docs2/daakit51.html and www.independentliving.org/docs2/daa5.pdf (65 KB)
Disability Awareness in Action (DAA).  1996.  Disability Awareness in Action Resource Kit No. 6, Disabled Women.
DAA's Disabled Women Resource Kit focuses on the social status of disabled women, comments on representation and empowerment, and looks at the women's movement in the context of disabled women's issues. Internet publication URLs: www.independentliving.org/docs2/daakit61.html and www.independentliving.org/docs2/daa6.pdf (61 KB)
Davidovich, Nathan.  1996.  Disability Discrimination in the Workplace.
Despite increased sensitivity to physical and mental disabilities, many of America's workers find themselves to be victims of employment discrimination due to their disability. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs5/EmployDiscrim.html
Disability Awareness in Action (DAA).  2000.  Disability Tribune, Special Issue-Disability and bioethics.
The manual contains a definition of biotechnology, its proposed uses, its regulation, a list of related sites, and a discussion of health inequality as a result of economic inequality in relation to the issue of biotechnology. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs2/daa200002.html
Derksen, Jim.  1980.  The Disabled Consumer Movement: Policy Implications for Rehabilitation Service Provisions.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs6/derksen1980.html
Driedger, Diane(ed.).  1991.  Disabled People in International Development.
This booklet is presented to create an increasing awareness of disabled persons in the development process for both the disabled persons community and non-governmental organizations involved in international development. Internet publication URLs: www.independentliving.org/docs1/dispeopleintldev1.html and www.independentliving.org/docs1/dispeopleintldev.pdf
Driedger, Diane(ed.).  1991.  Disabled People's Development Projects.
This booklet is presented to create an increasing awareness of disabled persons in the development process for both the disabled persons community and non-governmental organizations involved in international development. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/dispeopleintldev3.html
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Dunn, Peter A.  1990.  The Economic, Social, and Environmental Obstacles Which Seniors with disabilities confront in Canada.
This paper describes and analyzes the economic, environmental and attitudinal factors that create barriers which confront disabled seniors in Canada, especially those individuals with physical disabilities, and which limit their full participation in society. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs5/dunn1990a.html
Disability Rights Education Defense Fund.  1992.  Excerpts from Preserving disability civil rights: a step-by-step guide to taking action.
This excerpt from the Disability Rights and Education Defense Fund (located in Berkeley, California) civil rights action manual is concerned with the need to make the public aware of your issue and the different ways in which this can be done.
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Degener, Dr. Theresia.  1998.  The Global Picture and the European Situation Regarding Bioethics and Genetic Engineering.
This article is an account of a presentation at the 1998 "Seminar on Bioethics and Disabled people" by Dr. Theresia Degener, legal adviser to the German Council of Centres for Self-Determined Living and lecturer at the Universities of Frankfurt, Mainz and Leipzig. In her presentation, Dr. Degener advanced a theory that bioethics is incompatible with human rights philosophy. She also discusses how existing international standards with regard to human rights including The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) and the Nuremberg Code (1947) are undermined by the draft UNESCO Declaration on Bio-ethics and Human Rights and the European Convention on Human Rights and Bio-Medicine, both of which were designed to protect freedom of research. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/dpibethics.html. In: Disabled Peoples' International (DPI). 1998. "Seminar on Bioethics and Disabled people." Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/dpibethics.html
Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions, UK.  1998.  Government Consults on Rail Accessibility - Press Notice: 372/ Transport.
Press release (London, England) - Trains and trams entering service after 31 December 1998 will be fully accessible. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs5/transnews.html
Dunn, Peter A.  1997.  Government policy innovations and trends in barrier-free housing, accessible transportation and personal supports.
In this paper, Peter A. Dunn, Associate Professor in the Faculty of Social Work at Wilfred Laurier University, Canada, outlines some of the provincial and territorial policies in Canada that began to incorporate independent living (IL) principles during the UN Decade of Disabled Persons (1983-1992). It focuses upon three areas: barrier-free housing, accessible transportation and attendant services/ personal supports. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs5/dunn1997a.html
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Sjölander, Johan, Börjesson Pelle, Dahl Ulla.  2003.  Hellre ofta än bekvämt.
Insändare till City, 2003-10-07, s. 21 [Sjölander (s), Börjesson (v), och Dahl (mp)]. Internet publikation URL: www.independentliving.org/taxi/city20031007s21.html och www.independentliving.org/taxi/city20031007s21.pdf (In Swedish).
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Disability Awareness in Action (Kampanjen för medvetenhet om funktionshinder).  1996.  Kampanjen om funktionshinder.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs2/daa-aboutsv.html
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Dr., Ratzka Adolf;.  2015.  "Låt hjälpmedelsanvändare själva avgöra sitt eget bästa".
Sjukvård. Många köper sina hjälpmedel själva utanför landstingens system. Har man råd får man större utbud, bättre kvalitet och bemötande. Genom att skapa en ny modell för detta, hämtad från assistansersättningen skulle hjälpmedelsanvändarna få större självbestämmande och högre livskvalitet, oavsett storlek på plånboken.
Driedger, Diane, D'Aubin April.  1991.  Literacy for Whom: Women with Disabilities Marginalized.
Disabled people, particularly disabled women, must be given specific consideration within the learner population. Literacy is both a gender issue and a disability issue. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/driedger_daubin1991literacy_for_whom
Driedger, Diane, D'Aubin April.  1991.  Literacy for Whom: Women with Disabilities Marginalized.
Disabled people, particularly disabled women, must be given specific consideration within the learner population. Literacy is both a gender issue and a disability issue. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/driedger_daubin1991literacy_for_whom
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Driedger, Diane(ed.).  1991.  Människor med funktionsnedsättning och internationell utveckling.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/dispeopleintldev1sv.html (In Swedish.)
Digh, Patricia.  1999.  Misplaced Modifiers: Respectful Language Improves Accuracy.
Print and broadcast media often describe people with disabilities with archaic and demeaning phrases. Patricia Digh provides guidelines for writing about people with disabilities. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs4/digh.html
Dr., Ratzka Adolf;.  2004.  Modelo para una Política Nacional de Asistencia Personal. PDF icon POLÍTICA NACIONAL DE ASISTENCIA PERSONAL.pdf (228.9 KB)
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Disabled Peoples' International - European Region.  1998.  Panel Discussion - Open Debate, Seminar on Bioethics and Disabled People (1998).
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/dpibethics5.html. In: Disabled Peoples' International (DPI). 1998. "Seminar on Bioethics and Disabled people." Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/dpibethics.html
Duyvendak, J W, Melief W B A M.  2001.  Pioneering Personal Assistance in Slovenia: An Evaluation of the YHD Pilot Project on Personal Assistance in Slovenia.
YHD-Association for Theory and Culture of Disability, an organization run by and for people with disabilities and subscribing to the Independent Living philosophy, started a pilot project in Ljubljana with personal assistance for deinstitutionalization and equal opportunities of assistance users. Internet publication URLs: http://www.independentliving.org/docs3/duve2001.html and http://www.independentliving.org/files/duve2001.pdf.
PDF icon duve2001.pdf (150 KB)
D'Aubin, April.  1992.  Power to the people.
Disability Intergroup.  2001.  Press Release: Disabled People to Finally Catch the Bus - Victory for Disabled People on Bus and Coach Directive.
All newly purchased buses throughout the European Union must be fully accessible to people with disabilities according to the Directive. This was the result of nine years of campaigning by disabled people, together with the Disability Intergroup of the European Parliament. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/pr20010216.html
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Disabled Peoples International Europe,.  2000.  Rätten att leva och att vara annorlunda.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/dpi022000sv.html (In Swedish.)
Dr., Ratzka Adolf;.  2014.  Remissvar på betänkandet Förändrad assistansersättning – en översyn av ersättningssystemet (SOU 2014:9). PDF icon Remissvar på betänkandet Förändrad assistansersättning – en översyn av ersättningssystemet (SOU 2014:9)  (20.62 KB)
Disabled Peoples' International (DPI) Europe.  2000.  The Right to Live and be Different.
In February 2000, 130 disabled people in twenty-seven countries discussed bioethics and human rights, and it is with pride that we make the following declaration. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/dpi022000.html
Martinez, Kathy, Duncan Barbara.  2003.  The Road to Independent Living in the USA: an historical perspective and contemporary challenges.
The authors (Kathleen Martinez, US National Council on Disability member and Deputy Director, World Institute on Disability, and Barbara Duncan, former Rehabilitation International information officer, DisabilityWorld co-editor) highlight the events and leaders that made the birth of the independent living movement possible. Also included are some basic philosophical tenets and assumptions that have guided the U.S. IL movement, as well as some observations regarding emerging issues and trends. Reprinted form "Disability World, A bimonthly web-zine of international disability news and views," Issue no. 20 September-October 2003. Internet publication URLs: www.disabilityworld.org/09-10_03/il/ilhistory.shtml and www.independentliving.org/docs6/martinez200309.html
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Dr., Ratzka Adolf;.  2013.  Selbstbestimmung und Atemhilfen Adolf Ratzka Münchner ausserklinischer Intensiv Kongress 8-9 November 2013.
duToit, Mike.  1989.  Self Help Association of Paraplegics, SHAP, Republic of South Africa.
This article describes the experience and success of SHAP, which was launched in 1981 by a group of unemployed Soweto paraplegics. They decided to operate a factory employing only disabled people, doing work on a subcontract basis for industry. By 1989 the factory employed 130 disabled people. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/toolsforpower/tools31.html
Dr., Ratzka Adolf;.  2017.  Self-determination for Persons with Extensive Disabilities through Direct Payments for Personal Assistance.
Originally written in English, translated into French and published as " L’autodétermination des personnes très dépendantes grâce au choix politique d’attribuer les financements de l’assistance personnelle directement aux personnes concernées" in Vie Sociale 2017/1 (n° 17) Vivre chez soi soutenu par des aides humaines See the French article here: http://www.cairn.info/revue-vie-sociale-2017-1-page-119.html 
Disabled Peoples' International - European Region.  1998.  Seminar on Bioethics and Disabled People (1998).
Summaries of papers on Genetics & Bioetheics at the DPI Seminar. Presentations given by, Dr. Angus Clarke, Dr. Sarah Cunningham, and Dr. Theresia Degener, followed by an open debate. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/dpibethics.html
Driedger, Diane, D'Aubin April.  1986.  So you want to start an Independent Living centre? A Winnipeg case study
Diane Driedger and April D'Aubin, residents of Winnipeg, and involved with the Winnipeg Independent Living Resource Centre, present a history of Independent Living, Canadian initiatives, and step by step instructions on how to form an Independent Living Centre using the Winnipeg Independent Living Resource Centre as a case study. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs5/driedger-wpg1.html
Driedger, Diane, D'Aubin April.  1986.  So you want to start an Independent Living centre? A Winnipeg case study
Diane Driedger and April D'Aubin, residents of Winnipeg, and involved with the Winnipeg Independent Living Resource Centre, present a history of Independent Living, Canadian initiatives, and step by step instructions on how to form an Independent Living Centre using the Winnipeg Independent Living Resource Centre as a case study. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs5/driedger-wpg1.html
Daneshpour, Zohereh A, Toumeh Arbel F M.  1991.  A socio-physical study towards building barrier-free urban environment in Iran.
The Iranian five year National Development plan (from 1989-1994) includes "renovation of the overall urban environments towards the needs of the disabled." This paper by Zohereh A. Daneshpour and Arbel Toumeh F.M., of the DBRE Research Center in Tehran, Iran, is part of a research study included in the plan and describes how a case study area in Tehran was selected and analyzed in terms of existing problem areas for disabled persons in the urban environment. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest31.html
Dart, Justin.  1999.  Speach on the value of human life to The Trustees of the Center for Human Values, Princeton University April 14, 1999.
Disability activist, Justin Dart, condemns the appointment and ethics of Princeton's Bioethics professor, Dr. Peter Singer. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs4/dart99a.html
Dhlamini, Phillip.  1992.  Swaziland National Association of the Disabled.
Phillip Dhlamini of Swaziland briefly reports about progress being made by the Swaziland National Association of the Disabled. The organization was officially registered as an organization of disabled people in 1991. Drafted legislation is given pertaining to accessibility, human rights, equal opportunities, and Independent Living. In: Report of the CIB Expert Seminar on Building Non-Handicapping Environments Harare, Zimbabwe, January 16-18, 1992. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibharare6.html.
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DO-IT.  1998.  The University of Washington, Access To Higher Learning.
This guide outlines universal design principles to develop accessible college and university computer labs. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/doit1998.html
Disability Rights Education Defense Fund.  1992.  Utdrag ur: Att skydda medborgerliga rättigheter: en steg-för-steg handledning i hur man kan vidta åtgärder.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/toolsforpower/tools13bsv.html (In Swedish.)
Driedger, Diane(ed.).  1991.  Utvecklingsprojekt av och för personer med funktionsnedsättning.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/dispeopleintldev3sv.html
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Dube, A K.  1990.  Vad menar vi med utveckling?
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/dube1990utveckling
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Dube, A K.  1990.  What Do We Mean by Development?
A.K. Dube of the Southern Africa Federation of the Disabled (SAFOD) Regional Development Officer discusses features of the development-underdevelopment process as it relates to disabled people and their organizations. He notes that people can only liberate or develop themselves if they are able to identify the forces that constrain or oppress them. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/dube1990development
Dr., Ratzka Adolf;.  1992.  What is your personal definition of Independent Living?
Dr., Ratzka Adolf;.  2015.  What role can Independent Living play in a country in economic crisis?