Found 772 results
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Davidovich, Nathan.  1996.  Disability Discrimination in the Workplace.
Despite increased sensitivity to physical and mental disabilities, many of America's workers find themselves to be victims of employment discrimination due to their disability. Internet publication URL:
Brown, Steven E.  1996.  Disability Culture: A Fact Sheet.
Dr. Steven E. Brown, Co-Founder of the Institute on Disability Culture, in the United States, briefly describes the history and themes of disability culture. (Las Cruces, NM: Institute on Disability Culture, 1996). Internet publication URL:
Longmore, Paul K.  1996.  Disability Community Leaders Denounce Jack Kevorkian.
It is long past time for the disability community to respond to Jack Kevorkian's lethal assaults on our people. At least half of the people whose suicides he has abetted have been disabled. Internet publication URL:
Disability Awareness in Action (DAA).  1996.  Disability Awareness in Action Resource Kit No. 6, Disabled Women.
DAA's Disabled Women Resource Kit focuses on the social status of disabled women, comments on representation and empowerment, and looks at the women's movement in the context of disabled women's issues. Internet publication URLs: and (61 KB)
Disability Awareness in Action (DAA).  1996.  Disability Awareness in Action Resource Kit No. 5, Fund-Raising.
DAA's Fund-Raising Resource Kit gives ideas about your disability organisation's funding strategy - how to raise and use money effectively. Internet publication URLs: and (65 KB)
Disability Awareness in Action (DAA).  1996.  Disability Awareness in Action Resource Kit No. 4, Organisation Building.
DAA's Organisation Building Resource Kit looks at how organisations of disabled people can improve their structures and the way they work. nternet publication URLs: and
Disability Awareness in Action (DAA).  1996.  Disability Awareness in Action Resource Kit No. 3, Campaigns.
DAA's Campaigns Resource Kit offers ideas for campaigns, things to be considered if you are to run a successful campaign and some real-life examples. Internet publication URLs: and (103 KB)
Disability Awareness in Action (DAA).  1996.  Disability Awareness in Action Resource Kit No. 2, Consultation and Influence.
DAA's Consultation and Influence Resource Kit helps to unite organisations as advocates for their own rights to influence decision-makers in governments and all sectors of society. Internet publication URLs: and (146 KB)
Disability Awareness in Action (DAA).  1996.  Disability Awareness in Action Resource Kit No. 1, Media Information.
DAA's Media Information Resource Kit helps to change the structures of society and attitudes, and to support your cause through traditional media. Internet publication URLs: and
Miles, M.  2007.  Disability and Deafness, in the context of Religion, Spirituality, Belief and Morality, in Middle Eastern, South Asian and East Asian Histories and Cultures: annotated bibliography.
The bibliography introduces and annotates materials pertinent to disability, mental disorders and deafness, in the context of religious belief and practice in the Middle East, South Asia and East Asia. Internet publication URLs: and
Miles, M.  2007.  Disability and Deafness in East Asia: Social and Educational Responses, from Antiquity to Recent Times. A bibliography of European-language materials with introduction and some annotation. Revised Version 4.0, August 2007.
The bibliography introduces and lists 900 articles, chapters and books connected with social and educational responses to disability, deafness and mental disorders in China, Korea and Japan, from antiquity to 2007, some with annotation. (This work revises and greatly extends an earlier bibliography on the former History of Education website at the Catholic University of Nijmegen). Internet publication URLs: and
Evans, John, Hasler Frances.  1996.  Direktutbetalningskampanjen i Storbritannien.
The IL movement believes that Direct Payment schemes should be a right, and thus a change in the legislation has high priority in the issues of disabled people after comprehensive civil rights legislation. Internet publication URL: (In Swedish.)
Council of the European Union.  1997.  Directive 2000/ /EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of the European Union.
Internet publication URL: Internet publication URL:
PDF icon eu97bus.pdf (569.45 KB)
Nolan, Ann, Regan Colm.  2003.  Direct Payments Schemes for People with Disabilities - A Summary Guide, A new and innovative policy approach to providing services to disabled people in Ireland.
This information leaflet is based on the research project, "Direct Payments Schemes for People with Disabilities," carried out by the Bray Partnership in 2002 (see above). The aim of the leaflet is to provide information and create awareness about the concept of direct payments, as well as to commence a lobbying process for the introduction of a direct payments pilot programme. As such, the leaflet fulfills part of the recommendations of the research project relating to dissemination of information and increasing awareness. Bray Partnership, Ireland, Website: Internet publication URL: (155 KB). See also the main document, Internet publication (357 KB)
Barnes, Colin.  2007.  'Direct Payments' for Personal Assistants for Disabled People: a key to independent living?
Background notes to a verbal presentation at the Centre for Independent Living, Dublin, Conference 'Independent Living 2007,' Croke Park Conference Centre, Dublin 3, Tuesday, June 5th 2007. Internet publication URL:
Evans, John, Hasler Frances.  1996.  Direct Payments Campaign in the U.K..
The IL movement believes that Direct Payment schemes should be a right, and thus a change in the legislation has high priority in the issues of disabled people after comprehensive civil rights legislation. Internet publication URL:
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1998.  Direct Payment Schemes in Slovakia.
In 1997 the Independent Living Institute successfully bid for projects in the Slovak Republic within the European PHARE program: a personal assistance delivery scheme using direct cash payments and a accessible mainstream taxi system with a subsidy scheme for disabled riders. The article discusses some of the difficulties and opportunities that user-initiated and user-run solutions entail in post-communist societies. Internet publication URL:
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  2015.  Die Voraussetzungen zur De-institutionalisierung von Menschen mit Behinderungen.
Persönliche Assistenz ist eine hochqualitative und kostengünstige Alternative zu Wohneinrichtungen und ambulanten Diensten, laut Adolf Ratzka - eine Behauptung, die er mit den über 20-jährigen schwedischen Erfahrungen mit persönlicher Assistenz belegt. Den Hauptwiderstand gegen persönliche Assistenz in Deutschland sieht er in den Eigeninteressen der Wohlfahrtsverbände und dem noch weitverbreiteten medizinischen Bild von Behinderung.
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  2003.  Die Schwedische Assistenzreform von 1994.
Vortrag anlässlich der Eröffnung des Europäischen Jahres der Menschen mit Behinderungen In Magdeburg 21. 2. 2003. Internet publication URL: (In German).
Brozek, Dorothea.  2004.  Die Österreichische Pflegevorsorge.
Dokument in Rahmen des ECEPA Projekts. Internet Veröffentlichung URL: (In German.)
1st European Congress on Independent Living.  2003.  Dichiarazione di Tenerife: Promuovere la Vita Indipendente Fine della Discriminazione contro le Persone Disabili.
From the1st European Congress on Independent Living, Tenerife April 24-26, 2003. Internet publication URL:
Evans, John.  2003.  Developments in Independent Living and Direct Payments in UK.
Presented at the European Network on Independent Living (ENIL) conference in Southampton, England, 7-9 March 2003. Internet publication URL:
Were Masakhwe, Phitalis.  2008.  Development System Locks Out the Disabled.
Internet Publication URL:
Sarbib, Jean-Louis.  2005.  Development OUTREACH, July 2005.
Internet publication URL:
Nakanishi, Yukiko.  2002.  Development and Self-Help Movement of Women with Disabilities.
This article focuses on development assistance models and philosophies for women with disabilities who struggle to achieve independence in Asia, first from the viewpoint of a development program organizer and then from the viewpoint of a witness of empowered self-help movements. Internet publication URL:
Care Support Ideas, HCIL (Hampshire Center for Independent Living).  1992.  Developing assistants management skills - Tools for Power.
Mahoney, K J, Simon-Rusinowitz L, Desmond S M, Shoop D M, Squillace M R, Fay R A.  1998.  Determining Consumers' Preferences for a Cash Option: New York Survey Findings.
The purpose of this article is to present findings from a telephone survey conducted in New York to assess consumers' preliminary interest in the cash option when compared to traditional services. Internet publication URLs:
PDF icon ar498.pdf (59.02 KB)
Berg, Susanne.  2004.  "Det finns hem för sådana där" är ett radioprogram om vanföreanstalterna, skolhem för barn med rörelsehinder.
Barn och unga med funktionshinder hade inte rätt att gå i den ordinarie kommunala skolan. Särskilda skolhem, institutioner var alternativet. Genom en lagändring 1962 – 120 år efter allmän skolplikt infördes i Sverige - blev kommunerna tvungna att erbjuda skolgång på hemorten för rörelsehindrade elever. Programmet följer tre kvinnor med rörelsehinder från 30- till 60-talet. Lyssna-MP3 (30:43 minuter, 28,8 MB), lyssna-RealAudio, download-RealAudio (9,9 MB). Programmet i text. Deltagare: Siv Eriksson, Karin Westlund och Wenche Willumsen.
Fahanmahan, Farhad.  2004.  "Det är samma här, men det är olika" - ett program om hur det kan vara att komma till Sverige som man med funktionshinder från Mellanöstern.
Lyssna-MP3 (29:38 minuter, 27,8 MB), lyssna-RealAudio, download-RealAudio (9,8 MB). Programmet i text. Att vara invandrare och funktionshindrad beskrivs ibland som att leva med ett dubbelhandikapp. Vi frågade tre män från olika delar av mellanöstern om deras syn på hur det är att leva med funktionshinder i hemlandet och hur de upplever situationen i det svenska samhället. Deltagare:Khoudadad Bahrami, Amir Amirriazi och Attila Koüba. Intervjuer och research: Farhad Jahanmahan. 
Hardus, Alwine.  1998.  Det är du som bestämmer: Brukarstryd budget för att ordna assistans (Direct Payments).
"Client-linked budget" is a system of direct payments for personal assistance services. This outlines the Dutch service, comparing it with "help in kind." Internet publication URL: (In Swedish.)
Kose, Satoshi.  1991.  Design guidelines of public collective housing for the aging society in Japan.
Satoshi Kose, from the Building Design and Use Division, Building Research Institute in Tsukuba, Japan, describes the Ministry of Construction's project aimed at solving the problem of housing for the aged, in terms of both policy on housing supply and guidelines for dwelling design. Some of the practical requirements will be: elimination of level differences within dwellings; provision of handrails to assist moving about; promotion of the development of building facilities that are suited to the needs of the aged persons, etc. Internet publication URL:
Golden, Marilyn.  1999.  Department of Transportation (DOT) Finishes Greyhound Regulation -- Proposes Bus Companies Must Document Lack of Service.
Internet publication URL:
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  2003.  Den svarta tisdagen, 17 juni 2003.
Internet publikation URL: (In Swedish).
Rothstein, Bo.  1993.  Den offentliga sektorn och individens självbestämmande.
I: Institutet för Independent Living. 1993. "Hemtjänst i omdaning - möjligheter och decentraliseringens och privatiseringens tid, Dokumentation av STIL-hearing Stockholm 1993." Internet publication URL: (In Swedish.) 
Westerberg, Bengt.  1993.  Den nya handikappreformen för ett jämlikt och värdigt liv.
I: Institutet för Independent Living. 1993. "Hemtjänst i omdaning - möjligheter och decentraliseringens och privatiseringens tid, Dokumentation av STIL-hearing Stockholm 1993." Internet publication URL: (In Swedish.)
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1986.  Den lilla skillnaden - Apropå vår omslagsbild.
Från "Stiletten" nr. 4/86, oktober 1986. Internet publication URL: (In Swedish.)
Center for Independent Living, Tokyo, Japan.  1996.  Demand for Social Security Measures by Independent Living Association in Japan.
Internet publication URL:
Opitz, Caspar.  2003.  Delseger för dem som nyttjar rullstolstaxi.
Internet publication URL: (In Swedish.)
Doe, Tanis.  1998.  Definitioner av Independent Living (IL) världen över.
En av de primära grundsatserna av IL filosofin är att sociala problem inte stammar från funktionsnedsättningen hos individen utan från samhällets misslyckande i att möta samhällsmedborgarnas behov. Internet publication URL: (In Swedish.)
Kleinfield, Sonny.  1992.  Declaring independence in Berkeley.
United Nations General Assembly.  1975.  Declaration on the Rights of Disabled Persons Proclaimed by United Nations General Assembly resolution 3447 (XXX) of 9 December 1975.
Proclaimed by United Nations General Assembly resolution 3447 (XXX) of 9 December 1975. Internet publication URL:
Brown, Steven E, Gonzales Brown Lillian.  1995.  Death & Life.
Dr. Steven E. Brown and Gonzales Brown, Co-Founders of the Institute on Disability Culture, in the United States, has written a biographical description of a friend Danny Blake, who lives with Cerebral Palsy and AIDS and provides a cogent analysis of living and dying with a disability. First published in "Mainstream: Magazine of the Able-Disabled," September 1995. Internet publication URL:
Miles, M.  2009.  DEAF PEOPLE, SIGN LANGUAGE & COMMUNICATION, IN OTTOMAN & MODERN TURKEY: Observations and Excerpts from 1300 to 2009. From sources in English, French, German, Greek, Italian, Latin and Turkish, with introduction and some annotation.
Internet publication URL:
PDF icon miles200907.pdf (494.75 KB)
Miles, M.  2005.  Deaf People Living and Communicating in African Histories, c. 960s - 1960s.
New, much extended Version 5.01, incorporating an article first published in Disability & Society vol. 19, pp. 531-45; August 2004, titled then "Locating deaf people, gesture and sign in African histories, 1450s-1950s". The latter material is republished with permission of Carfax Publishing, Taylor & Francis. Visits 100 deaf people in 42 nations, across 1000 years of African history. From servants and schoolchildren to scientists, soldiers and statesmen, using every possible means of communication. Internet publication URL:
Jaillet, C.  2009.  De la dé-institutionnalisation à la vie autonome : la nécessité des systèmes de formations et de la pair-émulation.
King, Audrey.  2000.  The Darker Ages: What's Wrong With Institutions?
Audrey King, M.A., an internationally known writer, speaker, and advocate on disability issues, shares observations about life in institutions gathered from 30 years of working as a rehabilitation professional. She describes how institutional structures pose a consistent dynamic tension between individual autonomy and system procedures, which are often resistant to change and necessarily geared to cost and procedure efficiencies.
Hrdá, Jana.  1999.  Czech Republic warehouses disabled people - Money Earmarked for Creation of Institutions.
Jana Hrdá, Director of the Prague Center for Independent Living, appeals to the international disability community to write letters protesting the planned construction of more institutions for disabled people in her country. A letter by the Director of the Independent Living Institute points out the detrimental psychological, social and economic effects of warehousing disabled people in institutions. Instead, evidence shows that funds spent on personal assistance and housing adaptation yield high returns for individual and society. Internet publication URL:
Brown, Steven E.  1999.  The Curb Ramps of Kalamazoo: Discovering Our Unrecorded History.
Dr. Steven E. Brown, Co-Founder of the Institute on Disability Culture, in the United States, learned by accident of a city program to implement curb cuts in Kalamazoo, Michigan in the U.S. in the mid-1940s. This is the story of how that occurred. In: Disability Studies Quarterly, 19 (3), (Summer 1999), 203-05. Internet publication URL:
McLaughlin, Dara.  2001.  Culture and Identity.
Erdtman, Emil.  2008.  Croatians are proud of their disability policy.
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1998.  Crip Utopia.
Tongue-in-cheek science fiction. Internet publication URL: (In Swedish.)
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1998.  Crip Utopia.
Ironisk science fiction. Internet publication URL: (In Swedish.)
Park, Walter.  1991.  Creating and maintaining access to housing: Implementing access at the local level.
Internet publication URL:
Parakattel, Paul.  1991.  Creating accessibility in developing countries.
Internet publication URL:  
Miles-Paul, Ottmar, Frehse Uwe.  1991.  Creating a political alliance for anti-discrimination legislation in Germany.
Internet publication URL:  
Brown, Steven E.  2009.  Creating a Disability Mythology.
Dr. Steven E. Brown, Co-Founder of the Institute on Disability Culture, in the United States, attempted to reframe how people think about the history of disability and current notions about disability pride. First published in International Journal Of Rehabilitation Research, Winter 1992. Internet publication URL:
Berg, Susanne.  2003.  The Craving of the Benevolent.
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1984.  Costs and Benefits of Accessible Environments: A Case Study.
Internet publication URL:
Tilly, Jane, Wiener Joshua M, Evans Cuellar Alison.  2000.  Consumer-Directed Home and Community Services Programs in Five Countries: Policy Issues for Older People and Government.
This Urban Institute study reviews community services programs in five countries--Austria, France, Germany, the Netherlands, and the US - and shows that direct payments for personal assistance and long term care hold great promise for consumer-directed high quality services. Internet publication URL:
Holland, Ira E.  1995.  Consumer Directed Personal Care Assistance - Lobbying Against Government Cutbacks.
Ira Holland outlines the strategy Concepts of Independence used in lobbying against 1995 government cutbacks in home care services. Internet publication URL:
Masemene, Moses.  1992.  Constitutionalism and access legislation.
CIB W84 Report Harare: Access Design and Legislation, 1992. Constitutions enshrine fundamental human rights, therefore disability rights denote access to fundamental human rights as we who have disabilities have got to enjoy the same rights as other people. Internet publication URL:
Enns, Henry.  1998.  Conflict Situations and Disabled Persons.
Henry Enns, Executive Director of Disabled Peoples’ International discusses the plight of disabled refugees as a human rights issue that needs to be addressed by the UN and member states. Immigration policies in most countries discriminate against disabled refugees considering them as a “burden” and ignoring the significant contributions that disabled persons make to society. Internet publication URL:
Paul Lappalainen, Erdtman, Emil.  2017.  CONFERENCE VIDEOS 24-25 NOV 2016: Strategic litigation and human rights enforcement.
Handikappombudsmannen, Independent Living Sverige.  1998.  Conference on Legislation for Human Rights.
This introduction to the conference on Legislation for Human Rights held in Stockholm on August 24, 1998 presents links to reports by experts from several countries with anti-discrimination legislation in connection with disability about how the legislation has functioned in their countries and their reflections on the situation of disabled people in their respective countries. Internet publication URL:
Handikappombudsmannen, Independent Living Sverige.  1998.  Conference on Human Rights for Disabled People: Discussion from August 24th, 1998.
This is the transcript of a panel discussion on the topic of constitutional laws and anti-discrimination legislation for persons with disabilities. Internet publication URL:
Osterwitz, Ingolf.  1994.  The Concept of Independent Living - a New Perspective in Rehabilitation.
Internet publication URL:
Osterwitz, Ingolf.  1996.  Comunita Progetto Sud and Cooperativa at Lamezia Terme - Report from the study visit of working group one, sector social integration, 28 March - 31 March 1996.
Internet publication URL:
Dunn, Peter A.  1997.  A Comparative Analysis of Barrier-Free Housing: Policies for Elderly People in the United States and Canada.
This paper identifies policy issues in creating barrier free housing for elderly people with disabilities in the United States and Canada. The strengths and weaknesses of a variety of policy approaches are contrasted. The approach in the United States which emphasizes individual housing rights is compared to the more social welfare approach used in Canada. Internet publication URL:
[Anonymous].  2005.  Company Disability Policy Guidelines and Self-assessment Checklist.
European Council.  1996.  Community legislation in force: Resolution of the Council AND of the representatives of the governments of the member states meeting within the Council of 20 December 1996 on equality of opportunity for people with disabilities.
This European Council resolution affirms human rights as a fundamental value of the Member States whereas the principle of equality of opportunity for all, including people with disabilities, represents a core value. All disabled persons, whatever the origin and nature of their disability, must be entitled to concrete measures aimed at improving their social and professional integration. Internet publication URL:
Miles, M.  2002.  Community and Individual Responses to Disablement in South Asian Histories: Old Traditions, New Myths?
Documented histories of South Asian societies provide evidence that disabled people played various roles in their families and communities, sometimes with a good deal of independence. The commonest responses have been top-down, charitable or restrictive; yet some evidence challenges the stereotypes and suggests that disablement historically evoked a wider range of responses and initiative. Internet publication URL:
Grunewald, Karl.  2003.  Close the Institutions for the Intellectually Disabled - Everyone Can Live in the Open Society. A pamphlet on the European Year of People with Disabilities.
A pamphlet on the European Year of People with Disabilities. Intenet publication URLs: and
PDF icon grunewald2003.pdf (108.92 KB)
Csorba, Zoltán.  1991.  Classification of the environment - 1991.
In his report at the CIB seminar in 1991, Zoltán Csorba from the Mayor's Office in Budapest, Hungary describes action taken by the government to build homes for persons with disabilities in conjunction with the International Year of Disabled Persons and the various reasons why this initiative did not continue. He outlines a system of classification of the environment which could be used in the formulation of international recommendations which could in turn serve as a basis for legislation to promote the creation of non-handicapping environments and homes in former socialist states. Internet publication URL:
Hahn, Harlan.  1987.  Civil Rights FOR Disabled Americans: The Foundation of a Political Agenda.
The primary goal of this paper by Harlan Hahn of the University of Southern California is to examine crucial areas of agreement and disagreement about the "minority group model" (views prejudice and discrimination as the major issues confronting citizens with disabilities) both within and between disabled and nondisabled segments of the population, and to develop a case for the benefits that can be derived from policies founded on a socio-political understanding of disability. Internet publication URL:
Miles, M.  2010.  THE CHUAS OF SHAH DAULAH AT GUJRAT, PAKISTAN: Evidence, Historical Background and Development, with Bibliography 1839-2009.
[This article cites and quotes historical materials first collected in: M. Miles (1996) Pakistan's microcephalic chuas of Shah Daulah: cursed, clamped or cherished? History of Psychiatry 7: 571-589, from Taylor & Francis,] Evidence on microcephalic children (chuas) at the shrine, and how some of them developed a capacity for independent living. Internet publication URL:
Miles, M.  2006.  Children with spina bifida and hydrocephalus in Africa: can medical, family and community resources improve the life chances?
This much extended and revised article incorporates material from: M. Miles (2002) Children with hydrocephalus and spina bifida in East Africa: can family and community resources improve the odds? Disability & Society 17: 643-658, Carfax Publishing, Taylor & Francis. (The latter material is republished with permission.) The revised article concerns social responses to children with hydrocephalus and spina bifida in African countries, and the historical development of ways in which various resources have been used to improve their life chances, and overcome the disabling effects of these conditions. Internet publication URLs: and (239 KB).
PDF icon miles200609.pdf (238.41 KB)
Independent Living Institute, Sweden.  2005.  Checklist for University Disability Information and Self-assessment questions.
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  2003.  Checklist for Organizing Independent Living Events.
In this checklist the author covers the steps of planning, event format, event contents and media work which are crucial to the success of a workshop, training session, seminar or conference on Independent Living. Internet publication URL:
Curtis, Charles.  1984.  The changing role of the People First advisor.
People First is a self-advocacy organization operated by and for people with mental (intellectual) handicaps, with help from non-voting, non-disabled advisors. People First philosophy envisages a time when local chapters can function without full-time advisors, using only temporary help as needed. Curtis describes qualities of "good" advisors who are able to give leadership without taking control and problems which may arise with advisors from agency/institution staffs, who often hold traditional views and may be overprotective. Internet publication URL:
Creurer, Michael.  1998.  Changing Lanes... A guide to help when aging, illness or disability forces us into the Slow Lane - Book Review.
Michael Creurer offers valuable psycho-educational concepts combined with narratives about the author and his disabled peers. Internet publication URL:
DeJong, Gerben.  1988.  The challenge of middle age for the Independent Living Movement.
Early in the movement, persons with physical disabilities wanted to be viewed as competent, self-directed, and capable of managing their own lives. Persons whose capacity for self-direction had been compromised threatened that image of competence. Internet publication URL:
Racino, Julie Ann.  1991.  Centrum för Independent Living (CIL), Berkeley, California: Funktionshindrade visar vägen till fullvärdigt medborgarskap.
The Berkeley CIL, the "first organization of its type in the world," is a visible symbol of the Independent Living movement, the international civil rights movement of disabled people. Internet publication URL: (In Swedish.)
Brafman, Daniela.  2008.  Center for Independent Living in Jerusalem.
Racino, Julie Ann.  1991.  Center for Independent Living (CIL): Disabled People Take the Lead for Full Community Lives.
The Berkeley CIL, the "first organization of its type in the world," is a visible symbol of the Independent Living movement, the international civil rights movement of disabled people. Internet publication URL:
Brown, Steven E.  1995.  A Celebration of Diversity: An Introductory, Annotated Bibliography about Disability Culture.
According to Dr. Steven E. Brown, Co-Founder of the Institute on Disability Culture, in the United States, the idea of disability culture has gained momentum in the early 1990s leading to many examples of the culture in articles, books, music, and film. This is an annotated description of those Brown believes are most significant. In: Disability Studies Quarterly 15 (4), (Fall 1995), 36-55. (PDF, 125 KB.) Internet publication URL: and
Doty, Pamela J.  1998.  The Cash and Counseling Demonstration: An Experiment in Consumer-Directed Personal Assistance Services.
The "Cash and Counseling" Demonstration/Evaluation is a large-scale public policy experiment designed to test the feasibility and assess a consumer-directed approach to the financing and delivery of personal assistance services (PAS). Internet publication URL:
Linder, Ola.  2017.  CASE LAW: Swedish municipality liable for disability discrimination through deficient accessibility in elementary school.
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  2011.  A case for non-discrimination on grounds of ethnicity in government disability policy.
Presentation at National Conference, Commission for Equal Rights of Persons with Disabilities, Beer Sheba, Israel, December 1 2010
PDF icon 2010-12_Beer_Sheba_A_case_for_non-dicrimination_on_the_grounds_of_ethnicity_in_social_insurance.pdf (69.16 KB)
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1991.  The case for accessibility legislation in a market economy." .
Internet publication URL:
Champagne, Jean-Remi.  1987.  Canadian Action on Handicapping Environments.
Canada has made considerable progress in developing barrier-free environments, and human rights legislation now contains anti-discriminatory clauses which protect disabled persons, thereby providing opportunities for equal access to shelter, employment, goods and services. Internet publication URL:
Smith, Eleanor.  1999.  A Call for "Visitability.
Despite improvements in disability access, homes still routinely exclude people with disabilities. Eleanor Smith suggests a different approach to construction and modification. Internet publication URL:
International Labour Organisation.  1983.  C159 Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment (Disabled Persons) Convention, 1983.
In 1983 The General Conference of the International Labour Organisation adopted the Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment (Disabled Persons) Convention in Geneva. Internet publication URL:
Disability Net 2000.  2000.  Buses for All (Europe) - A Brief Presentation.
A briefing outlining the Australian government’s plans to improve transportation accessibility for disabled people. Other briefings from the year 2000 detail the progress and problems of the EU Bus and Coach Directive and a campaign by the action group, Buses for All (Europe), to make buses accessible for all people with disabilities. Internet publication URL:
Stepanov, Viatcheslav K.  1991.  Built environment for disabled persons in Russia: Needs and problems.
Internet publication URL:  
Campbell, Jane.  2003.  Building an Independent Living organisation fit for the twenty first century. Underpinning organisational development with empowering principals.
Dr. Jane Campbell, Chair of the Social Care Institute for Excellence in England, contemplates the future of Independent Living organisations, including work together with non-disabled persons (which she calls, "the mutuality route.") She concludes, "our independent living organisations to be fit for the 21st century we must have principles of: full inclusion, valuing diversity, equality of opportunity, human rights, civil rights, and citizenship. Internet publication URL:
Miles, M.  2013.  Buddhism and responses to disability, mental disorders and deafness in Asia - A bibliography of historical and modern texts with introduction and partial annotation, and some echoes in western countries. PDF icon buddhism-disability-bibliography-m-miles201311.pdf (855.91 KB)
Finkelstein, Vic, Morrison Elspeth.  1993.  Broken Arts And Cultural Repair: The Role Of Culture In The Empowerment Of Disabled People.
A discussion of how human beings come together in groups to confirm their identity and how disability arts and culture enable people with disabilities to find their way into mainstream culture. Morrison, former editor of Disability Arts in London magazine, is freelance writer, theatre director, and author of the Independent Theatre Council's book on Theatre Practice and Disability. Finkelstein, a psychologist by training, was tutor in Disability Studies at the Open University, now Visiting Senior Research Fellow in the Centre for Disability Studies, Leeds University. Both authors have a disability. Internet publication URL:
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1994.  A brief survey of studies on costs and benefits of non-handicapping environments.
Presentation at the International Congress on Accessibility in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, June 1994. Internet publication URL:
Shields, Craig V.  1988.  A brief history of brokerage.
Service brokerage has a commitment to a set of values emphasizing the worth and dignity of individuals with disabilites and their right to live in the community. Internet publication URL:
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1998.  Brief Description of the Swedish Personal Assistance Act of 1994 (LASS).
For the "International Survey of Personal Assistance Schemes." Internet publication URLs: and