Care or Personal Assistance around the World Articles

Personal Assistance: The key to Independent Living

English
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1989.  Personal Assistance: The key to Independent Living.

Introduction

logo of European Network on Independent LivingSocial policy is typically not made by the people who are most affected by it. Up to now, we, the users of assistance, have had to accept the decisions handed down to us by other people. Since we are often considered helpless and incapable of taking charge of our own lives, the public and often we ourselves have taken for granted that it is best for us, if others, the professionals make these decisions for us.

Croatians are proud of their disability policy

English
Erdtman, Emil.  2008.  Croatians are proud of their disability policy.
Croatians are proud of their disability policy. A disability ombudsman who has a disability has been appointed and accessibility and legislation are on the right track. A law on personal assistance will take effect in 2010.

Center for Independent Living in Jerusalem

English
Brafman, Daniela.  2008.  Center for Independent Living in Jerusalem.
By Daniela Brafman, Director, Center for Independent Living Jerusalem, January 2008

The Rough Guide to Managing Personal Assistants

English
Vasey, Sean.  2000.  The Rough Guide to Managing Personal Assistants.
"Having PAs enabled me to find out who I am and now enables me to be who I am." If you are a disabled person and about to start receiving a Direct Payment to employ your own personal assistants (PAs), this book aims to give you a flavour of what it is like; the joys and the challenges. This book covers recruitment, managing, using PAs in social situations and at work, and dealing with problems. Put together by Sian Vasey with cartoons by David Shenton.

Is Personal Assistance Relevant for Developing Countries?

English
Adolf, Dr. Ratzka.  2006.  Is Personal Assistance Relevant for Developing Countries?

s Personal Assistance Relevant for Developing Countries?

by:Adolf Ratzka, December 2006

Photo of K. Stone.blank spaceSee Curriculum Vitae.

Modelo para una Política Nacional de Asistencia Personal

Dr., Ratzka Adolf;.  2004.  Modelo para una Política Nacional de Asistencia Personal.
Spanish
La política sugerida aquí es diferente, porque está escrita por individuos quienes en sí dependen de la asistencia diaria de otros. El Centro Europeo para la Excelencia en Asistencia Personal (ECEPA) (www.ecepa.org) está formado por ocho organizaciones asociadas 1, en ocho países europeos, que son operadas y controladas por personas con discapacidad y se especializa en brindar y defender los servicios de asistencia personal para personas con discapacidad. Usando nuestra experiencia combinada con las políticas de asistencia personal, se recopiló una lista de características para una política que promueve la autodeterminación y la ciudadanía completa para las personas con discapacidades extensivas.

The Independent Living Movement in the UK

English
Evans, John.  2003.  The Independent Living Movement in the UK.
John Evans was one of the founders of Project 81 that marked the beginning of the Independent Living Movement in the UK. Since 1996 he has been the chair of the European Network on Independent Living (ENIL). In this document he gives an overview of the origin of the Independent Living Movement in the UK, it's development and evolution, as well as the current situation (2003).

The Strasbourg Resolutions

English
European Network on Independent Living(ENIL).  1989.  The Strasbourg Resolutions.
In April 1989, the first European Independent Living Conference was held at the European Parliament in Strasbourg, France. The meeting's theme was Personal Assistant. The conference resulted in the founding of the European Network for Independent Living, ENIL. Here, the resolution adopted at the conference.

Employing your own personal assistant - Tools for Power

English
GAD's Center for Independent Living.  1989.  Employing your own personal assistant - Tools for Power.
GAD's Center for Independent Living can help. (1993) We have already assisted nearly a dozen people in the employment of their own personal assistants. This really does put you, the disabled person in control. You can decide who to employ, which hours they should work and what they should do. But control brings with it responsibilities and this is where GAD can help.

Developing assistants management skills - Tools for Power

English
Care Support Ideas, HCIL (Hampshire Center for Independent Living).  1992.  Developing assistants management skills - Tools for Power.
With little or no previous experience the disabled person seeking to live independently suddenly finds her/himself thrust into the role of employer. Not surprisingly the effective management skills essential to coping with the day-to-day matter of relating to her/his personal assistant are sometimes absent or under-developed.

Time Magazine Recognizes Adolf Ratzka as European Visionary

English
[Anonymous].  1998.  Time Magazine Recognizes Adolf Ratzka as European Visionary. Time Magazine.
In 1961, German-born teenager Adolf Ratzka was paralyzed by polio. He seemed destined to spend his life in institutions, but at 22 won a scholarship to study in California. The U.S. was then the only country with Photograph of Dr. Adolf Ratzka together with daughter, Katharina.facilities, such as a personal assistant and a car that could be driven by wheelchair-bound people, enabling severely disabled persons to pursue normal academic study.

Introduction to direct payments for personal assistance

English
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1996.  Introduction to direct payments for personal assistance.
Presentation given at the HELIOS Study Visit on Independent Living and Personal Assistance in Stockholm, June 7-9, 1996.

Supporting families in keeping disabled family members at home: Swedish policy instruments

English
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1995.  Supporting families in keeping disabled family members at home: Swedish policy instruments.

In most countries the importance of the family as a form of social insurance is declining. As the extended family gradually disappears with industrialization and the labor market's demands on geographical mobility, as divorce rates go up and single parents become increasingly common, the ability of the family to provide mutual aid in everyday life is diminishing. One of the results is that families have fewer resources left for members with special needs such as disabled children or old parents. If there is no place for these groups in the family, where can they turn to?

Personal assistance in Germany, overview and external links

English
Independent Living Institute.  2014.  Personal assistance in Germany, overview and external links.

Around 2000 people have personal assistance financed through personal budgets in Germany. Germany has a population of 80 million so 2000 PA users are not very many.

Links:

The ANED country report on the implementation of policies supporting independent living for
disabled people for Germany.

 

Personal assistance in Finland, overview and external links

English
Independent Living Institute.  2014.  Personal assistance in Finland, overview and external links.

Finland (population 5.4 million) has personal assistance. In 2013 there were  15,217 personal assistance clients.

Links: Personal Assistance in Finland - legislation, implementation, statistics and challenges for the future,  Ministry of Social Affairs and Health, 2015

Statistics for Personal Assistance 2017 -2014, SOTKAnet Statistics and Indicator Bank

Personal assistance in Norway, overview and external links

English
Independent Living Institute.  2014.  Personal assistance in Norway, overview and external links.

There are 3000 people getting personal assistance in Norway (2012 total population 5 million). Figures from ENIL state an average of 47 hours per week for members of one cooperative assistance provider (2013).

http://lovdata.no/dokument/NL/lov/2014-06-20-41
(The legal amendment granting right to personal assistance)

http://www.regjeringen.no/nb/dep/hod/dok/regpubl/prop/2013-2014/Prop-86-L-20132014.html?id=758644
(proposition for changes to the law)

Personal assistance in Belgium, overview and external links

English
Independent Living Institute.  2014.  Personal assistance in Belgium, overview and external links.

According to the  ENIL Personal Assistance Tables for Belgium there were 2112 PAB (personal assistance budget) users in Flanders (nov 2012) and 250 PAB users in Wallonia. 6000 more people are waiting for a personal assistance budget. Belgium has a population of 11 million people.

Links:

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