History

The Independent Living Movement in the UK

Evans, John.  2003.  The Independent Living Movement in the UK.
English
John Evans was one of the founders of Project 81 that marked the beginning of the Independent Living Movement in the UK. Since 1996 he has been the chair of the European Network on Independent Living (ENIL). In this document he gives an overview of the origin of the Independent Living Movement in the UK, it's development and evolution, as well as the current situation (2003).

Developing assistants management skills - Tools for Power

Care Support Ideas, HCIL (Hampshire Center for Independent Living).  1992.  Developing assistants management skills - Tools for Power.
English
With little or no previous experience the disabled person seeking to live independently suddenly finds her/himself thrust into the role of employer. Not surprisingly the effective management skills essential to coping with the day-to-day matter of relating to her/his personal assistant are sometimes absent or under-developed.

Employing your own personal assistant - Tools for Power

GAD's Center for Independent Living.  1989.  Employing your own personal assistant - Tools for Power.
English
GAD's Center for Independent Living can help. (1993) We have already assisted nearly a dozen people in the employment of their own personal assistants. This really does put you, the disabled person in control. You can decide who to employ, which hours they should work and what they should do. But control brings with it responsibilities and this is where GAD can help.

The Strasbourg Resolutions

European Network on Independent Living(ENIL).  1989.  The Strasbourg Resolutions.
English
In April 1989, the first European Independent Living Conference was held at the European Parliament in Strasbourg, France. The meeting's theme was Personal Assistant. The conference resulted in the founding of the European Network for Independent Living, ENIL. Here, the resolution adopted at the conference.

An American definition of Independent Living

ILRU.  1992.  An American definition of Independent Living.
English

An American definition of Independent Living
ILRU at Texas Institute for Rehabilitation

Possibilities of Independent Living of persons with disabilities in Africa

Silwimba, Felix.  1992.  Possibilities of Independent Living of persons with disabilities in Africa.
English

Independent Living:
Ideology & definitions
African art

Possibilities of Independent Living of
persons with disabilities in Africa

by Felix Silwimba

Declaring independence in Berkeley

Kleinfield, Sonny.  1992.  Declaring independence in Berkeley.
English

by Sonny Kleinfield. This is a reprint of an old article in "Psychology today", for a flavor of the original CIL, Center for Independent Living.

Power to the people

D'Aubin, April.  1992.  Power to the people.
English

History of the Independent Living Movement

Power to the people

by April D'Aubin

European Network on Independent Living: disability rights

Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1999.  European Network on Independent Living: disability rights.
English

logo of European Network on Independent Living

ENIL is the umbrella of individuals and organizations dedicated to promoting Independent Living among persons with disabilities and the general public in Europe.

The website for ENIL is now at https://enil.eu/

This page is from 1999.

Independent Living is a philosophy and a movement of people with disabilities who work for equal opportunities, self-respect and self-determination.

Time Magazine Recognizes Adolf Ratzka as European Visionary

[Anonymous].  1998.  Time Magazine Recognizes Adolf Ratzka as European Visionary. Time Magazine.
English
In 1961, German-born teenager Adolf Ratzka was paralyzed by polio. He seemed destined to spend his life in institutions, but at 22 won a scholarship to study in California. The U.S. was then the only country with Photograph of Dr. Adolf Ratzka together with daughter, Katharina.facilities, such as a personal assistant and a car that could be driven by wheelchair-bound people, enabling severely disabled persons to pursue normal academic study.

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