History

An American definition of Independent Living

ILRU.  1992.  An American definition of Independent Living.
English

An American definition of Independent Living
ILRU at Texas Institute for Rehabilitation

Possibilities of Independent Living of persons with disabilities in Africa

Silwimba, Felix.  1992.  Possibilities of Independent Living of persons with disabilities in Africa.
English

Independent Living:
Ideology & definitions
African art

Possibilities of Independent Living of
persons with disabilities in Africa

by Felix Silwimba

Declaring independence in Berkeley

Kleinfield, Sonny.  1992.  Declaring independence in Berkeley.
English

by Sonny Kleinfield. This is a reprint of an old article in "Psychology today", for a flavor of the original CIL, Center for Independent Living.

Power to the people

D'Aubin, April.  1992.  Power to the people.
English

History of the Independent Living Movement

Power to the people

by April D'Aubin

European Network on Independent Living: disability rights

Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1999.  European Network on Independent Living: disability rights.
English

logo of European Network on Independent Living

ENIL is the umbrella of individuals and organizations dedicated to promoting Independent Living among persons with disabilities and the general public in Europe.

The website for ENIL is now at https://enil.eu/

This page is from 1999.

Independent Living is a philosophy and a movement of people with disabilities who work for equal opportunities, self-respect and self-determination.

Time Magazine Recognizes Adolf Ratzka as European Visionary

[Anonymous].  1998.  Time Magazine Recognizes Adolf Ratzka as European Visionary. Time Magazine.
English
In 1961, German-born teenager Adolf Ratzka was paralyzed by polio. He seemed destined to spend his life in institutions, but at 22 won a scholarship to study in California. The U.S. was then the only country with Photograph of Dr. Adolf Ratzka together with daughter, Katharina.facilities, such as a personal assistant and a car that could be driven by wheelchair-bound people, enabling severely disabled persons to pursue normal academic study.

What is your personal definition of Independent Living?

Dr., Ratzka Adolf;.  1992.  What is your personal definition of Independent Living?
English

 Personal accounts

What is your personal definition of Independent Living?

 
It is the ability to live independently and productively in the community and to live with the same freedom of choice as a non-disabled person. So it's not that you are living on your own but that you control where you live and have the same range of choices as a non-disabled person. (Jill Weiss)

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