History

Developing assistants management skills - Tools for Power

English
Care Support Ideas, HCIL (Hampshire Center for Independent Living).  1992.  Developing assistants management skills - Tools for Power.
With little or no previous experience the disabled person seeking to live independently suddenly finds her/himself thrust into the role of employer. Not surprisingly the effective management skills essential to coping with the day-to-day matter of relating to her/his personal assistant are sometimes absent or under-developed.

Employing your own personal assistant - Tools for Power

English
GAD's Center for Independent Living.  1989.  Employing your own personal assistant - Tools for Power.
GAD's Center for Independent Living can help. (1993) We have already assisted nearly a dozen people in the employment of their own personal assistants. This really does put you, the disabled person in control. You can decide who to employ, which hours they should work and what they should do. But control brings with it responsibilities and this is where GAD can help.

The Strasbourg Resolutions

English
European Network on Independent Living(ENIL).  1989.  The Strasbourg Resolutions.
In April 1989, the first European Independent Living Conference was held at the European Parliament in Strasbourg, France. The meeting's theme was Personal Assistant. The conference resulted in the founding of the European Network for Independent Living, ENIL. Here, the resolution adopted at the conference.

An American definition of Independent Living

English
ILRU.  1992.  An American definition of Independent Living.

An American definition of Independent Living
ILRU at Texas Institute for Rehabilitation

Possibilities of Independent Living of persons with disabilities in Africa

English
Silwimba, Felix.  1992.  Possibilities of Independent Living of persons with disabilities in Africa.

Independent Living:
Ideology & definitions
African art

Possibilities of Independent Living of
persons with disabilities in Africa

by Felix Silwimba

Declaring independence in Berkeley

English
Kleinfield, Sonny.  1992.  Declaring independence in Berkeley.

by Sonny Kleinfield. This is a reprint of an old article in "Psychology today", for a flavor of the original CIL, Center for Independent Living.

Power to the people

English
D'Aubin, April.  1992.  Power to the people.

History of the Independent Living Movement

Power to the people

by April D'Aubin

European Network on Independent Living: disability rights

English
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1999.  European Network on Independent Living: disability rights.

logo of European Network on Independent Living

ENIL is the umbrella of individuals and organizations dedicated to promoting Independent Living among persons with disabilities and the general public in Europe.

The website for ENIL is now at https://enil.eu/

This page is from 1999.

Independent Living is a philosophy and a movement of people with disabilities who work for equal opportunities, self-respect and self-determination.

Time Magazine Recognizes Adolf Ratzka as European Visionary

English
[Anonymous].  1998.  Time Magazine Recognizes Adolf Ratzka as European Visionary. Time Magazine.
In 1961, German-born teenager Adolf Ratzka was paralyzed by polio. He seemed destined to spend his life in institutions, but at 22 won a scholarship to study in California. The U.S. was then the only country with Photograph of Dr. Adolf Ratzka together with daughter, Katharina.facilities, such as a personal assistant and a car that could be driven by wheelchair-bound people, enabling severely disabled persons to pursue normal academic study.

What is your personal definition of Independent Living?

English
Dr., Ratzka Adolf;.  1992.  What is your personal definition of Independent Living?

 Personal accounts

What is your personal definition of Independent Living?

 
It is the ability to live independently and productively in the community and to live with the same freedom of choice as a non-disabled person. So it's not that you are living on your own but that you control where you live and have the same range of choices as a non-disabled person. (Jill Weiss)

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