History

The Independent Living movement paved the way: Origins of personal assistance in Sweden

Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  2012.  The Independent Living movement paved the way: Origins of personal assistance in Sweden. Perspectives on personal assistance.
English
Chapter 2 Perspectives on personal assistance, Brusén Peter, Flyckt Karin (ed.), Gothia Förlag 2012 Adolf Ratzka Benign oppression Social policy is rarely made by the people whose lives it affects. Rather, it is formulated based on political considerations by politicians and bureaucrats who, by necessity, have limited knowledge of the conditions of other people’s lives – especially regarding those of us with extensive disabilities who depend on other people to survive and require practical assistance with activities of daily living such as getting out of bed, dressing, personal hygiene and bathing. The greater our dependence, the more others assume they are entitled to have opinions about our needs and the less those of us affected have a say in how we want to live our lives and what social resources we need. As a result, solutions and services often make us more dependent on others rather than independent.

DEAF PEOPLE, SIGN LANGUAGE & COMMUNICATION, IN OTTOMAN & MODERN TURKEY: Observations and Excerpts from 1300 to 2009. From sources in English, French, German, Greek, Italian, Latin and Turkish, with introduction and some annotation

Miles, M.  2009.  DEAF PEOPLE, SIGN LANGUAGE & COMMUNICATION, IN OTTOMAN & MODERN TURKEY: Observations and Excerpts from 1300 to 2009. From sources in English, French, German, Greek, Italian, Latin and Turkish, with introduction and some annotation.
English

 

Miles, M. 2009-06. "Deaf People, Sign Language and Communication, in Ottoman and Modern Turkey: Observations and Excerpts from 1300 to 2009. From sources in English, French, German, Greek, Italian, Latin and Turkish, with introduction and some annotation." Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/miles200907.html

Sources and texts are introduced and quoted, identifying deaf men and women through more than 700 years of Turkish history, and sign language through 500 years, continuing to the present.

File attachments: 

Foreword to The Independent Living Movement: International Experiences

Heumann, Judith E.  2003.  Foreword to The Independent Living Movement: International Experiences.
English
In 1949 when I had polio there was nothing resembling the Independent Living Movement. As was the case for disabled people across the US and throughout the world we were not seen as a individuals who could make contributions to our society. We were out of sight and out of mind. Few laws existed which made it illegal to discriminate against disabled people.

Back To Basics - Hampshire Center for Independent Living's Expert Seminar on Independent Living

Mason, Philip.  1998.  Back To Basics - Hampshire Center for Independent Living's Expert Seminar on Independent Living.
English

Keynote at the Expert Seminar
organized by the Hampshire Center for Independent Living
in Southampton, May 30 -31 1998

by Philip Mason

 


I am privileged and overawed to be the first speaker in this conference. A conference which is looking at the future in respect of those well known phrases 'Independent Living' and 'Direct Payments'. It is a privilege and also a responsibility because I need to strike the right note. I need to encourage but also to challenge.

So where do we start? Do we talk about the past; look at the present, and then think about the future?

We ought to do a little bit of all three and it is my job to start the ball rolling.

IL 25 år dokumentation - Henrik Berggren

Berggren, Henrik.  2008.  IL 25 år dokumentation - Henrik Berggren.
Swedish

25 år av Independent Living i Sverige

Avslutande reflektioner över dagens anföranden

IL 25 år dokumentation - Kalle Könkkölä

Könkkölä, Kalle.  2008.  IL 25 år dokumentation - Kalle Könkkölä.
Swedish

25 år av Independent Living i Sverige

Panel: Independent Living utomlands - internationella perspektiv,
anförande av Kalle Könkkölä 08.11.28

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