Government Action on Disability Policy
A Global Survey
Part II - Government Replies as Country Profiles
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© Dimitris Michailakis 1997
Transmitted by Permanent Mission to the United Nations, New York (1 July 1996)
The officially recognized disability policy is expressed in law and in guidelines adopted by the Government. The emphasis - in descending scale - is on: prevention, rehabilitation, individual support, anti-discrimination law.
The rights of persons with disabilities are protected by a combination of special and general legislation. The judicial mechanism available to protect the rights of persons with disabilities is due process (legal remedy through courts). The administrative and other non-judicial bodies for that purpose include a Governmental body (administrative).
The general legislation applies to persons with different disabilities with respect to the right to education and the right to parenthood/family. The following benefits are guaranteed by law to persons with disabilities: health and medical care, training, rehabilitation and counselling, financial security, employment.
There are rules to ensure accessibility of the build environment. Accessibility in the build environment is observed by a national authority and local Governments. The following measures have been promoted in order to facilitate accessibility in the build environment: levelling off pavements, marking parking areas, installing lifts and accessible toilets, ensuring access to public places, improving accessibility in housing, and provision of specially adapted motor vehicles. There are no special transport arrangements for persons with disabilities. When planning to build accessible environments the most difficult obstacles are economic/budgetary factors, technical factors, lack of planning and design capacity, lack of knowledge, and research and information.
Sign language is recognized as the official language of deaf people. There are no Government measures for encouraging media and other forms of public information to make their services accessible. The only service provided in order to facilitate information and communication between persons with disabilities and others is literature in Braille.
Organizations of persons with disabilities
There is a national umbrella organization. Organizations are always consulted when laws and regulations with a disability aspect are being prepared. Consultations take place at the national level. The Government gives organizational/logistic support to organizations of persons with disabilities. The organizations in Uzbekistan have the role to mobilize persons with disabilities, identify needs and priorities, participate in the planning, implementation and evaluation of services and measures concerning the lives of persons with disabilities, and promote/organize income generating activities.
Co-ordination of work
The national co-ordinating committee is reporting to the Prime Minister's Office. The establishment of the co-ordinating committee has lead to improved co-ordination of measures/programmes. The adoption of the Rules has led to a rethinking of the approach to disability policy.
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