© Independent Living Institute
Independent Living Institute,
Storforsplan 36, 10 tr
123 47 Farsta
Tel. 08-506 22 179
Integrated National Disability Strategy
Office of the President
Structures That May be Involved in Monitoring Disability
Office on the Status of Disabled Persons, Office of the Deputy President
South African Human Rights Commission
The Public Protector
The Commission on Gender Equality
The National Youth Commission
The Consumer Council
Public Service Commission
Commission for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration (CCMA)
The Constitutional Court
National Economic Development Labour Council (NEDLAC)
Commission for the Protection of Cultural, Linguistic and Religious Communities
South African Federal Council on Disability
Disabled People's Organisations
Glossary of Terms
It is important that terminology and definitions reflect a definite shift in philosophy and a move away from the present medical/individual approach to disability. The language needs to reflect the fact that the difficulties learners experience are not just within themselves, but also in the social environments in which they are living and learning.
Assistive devices are any device and ergonomic solution capable of reducing the handicap experienced by an individual.
Community based rehabilitation (CBR)
Community based rehabilitation is a strategy within community development for the rehabilitation, equalisation of opportunities and social integration of all people with disabilities. It is implemented through the combined efforts of disabled people themselves, their families and communities, and the appropriate health, education, vocational and social services. (ILO/WHO/UNESCO Joint Position Paper, 1994)
It is therefore a strategy for enhancing the quality of life of disabled people by improving service- delivery, by providing more equitable opportunities and by promoting and protecting their human rights. (Helander, UNDP, 1994)
'An individual whose prospects of securing and retaining suitable employment are substantially reduced as a result of physical or mental impairment' (ILO Convention 159)
Early childhood development (ECD)
(See ECD Policy Guidelines Document)
The term encompasses both accessibility of the built environment and accessibility in terms of access to communication, for example,
Inclusion implies a change from an 'individual change model' to a 'system change model' that emphasises that society has to change to accommodate diversity, i.e. to accommodate all people. This involves a paradigm shift away from the 'specialness' of people to the nature of society and its ability to respond to a wide range of individual differences.
Independence is a state of being whereby available and adequate support services, assistive devices and personal assistance to people with all disabilities at all levels enables people with disabilities to exercise choice, bear responsibility and participate fully in society.
Independent living implies the ability of a person to live just like anyone elseãwith opportunities to make decisions that affect ones life, being able to pursue activities of ones own choosing. Independent living is having the right and opportunity to pursue a course of action. It is also having the right to failãand to learn from ones failures, just as non-disabled people do.
Mainstreaming focuses on the individual and small groups within the present system, without any necessary assumption that the system may be flawed and needs to be changed to make inclusion possible.
National Qualifications Framework (NQF)
(see ECD Policy Guidelines document)
People with speech disabilities
People with limited or no speech (non-speaking people) are people with normal hearing, but who are unable to express themselves due to a physical or intellectual impairment or are unable to express themselves through speech.
Personal assistance services (PAS)
Personal assistance services enable people with severe disabilities to exercise their rights to choice and dignity within their own homes.
Examples of PAS include readers for persons with visual disabilities; drivers for persons with visual or severe physical, intellectual disabilities, including people with epilepsy; interpreters/ facilitators for Deaf persons and non-speaking persons; personal care assistants for people with severe disabilities; service dogs for people with visual and severe disabilities; advocates for people with severe intellectual disabilities.
The UN Standard Rules define rehabilitation as: '. . . a process aimed at enabling persons with disabilities to reach and maintain their optimal physical, sensory, intellectual, psychiatric and/or social functional levels, thus providing them with the tools to change their lives towards a higher level of independence. Rehabilitation may include measures to provide and/or restore functions, or compensate for the loss or absence of a function or for a functional limitation. The rehabilitation process does not involve initial medical care. It includes a wide range of measures and activities from more basic and general rehabilitation to goal-oriented activities, for instance vocational rehabilitation.'
SA Qualifications Framework (SAQA)
(see ECD Policy)
Social services is a collective term for services within the health, welfare and education sectors.
Special Needs Education
Special Needs Education focuses on the education system and its ability to accommodate learner with different special needs (social model), and refers to the education of learners with a wide rang of educational needs of a specialised nature. It includes:
'That part of the continuous and co-ordinated process of rehabilitation which involves the provision of those vocational services, e.g. vocational guidance, vocational training and selective placement, designed to enable a disabled person to secure and retain suitable employment' (ILO Convention 159).
Glossary of Acronyms
|ABET||Adult Basic Education and Training|
|ATM||Automated Teller Machine|
|CAAC||Centre for Augmentative and Alternative Communication|
|CANSA||The Cancer Association of South Africa|
|DEAFSA||The Deaf Federation of South Africa|
|DICAG||Disabled Children Action Group|
|DPI||Disabled People International|
|DPO||Disabled People's Organisation|
|DPSA||Disabled People South Africa|
|ECD||Early childhood development|
|ESS||Education Support Services|
|HRD||Human resource development|
|IBA||Independent Broadcasting Authority|
|ICCD||Interdepartmental Committee on Disability|
|ILO||International Labour Organisation|
|LHR||Lawyers for Human Rights|
|LRA||Labour Relations Act|
|NAPCOSA||National Paralympic Committee of South Africa|
|NCCD||National Co-ordinating Committee on Disability|
|NCESS||National Committee for Education Support Services|
|NCPD||The National Council for the Physically Disabled|
|NCSNET||National Commission on Special Needs in Education and Training|
|NEAP||National Environmental Accessibility Programme|
|NEDLAC||National Economic Development and Labour Council|
|NEPA||Ntsika Enterprise Promotion Agency|
|NLC||National Literacy Co-operative|
|NOBSA||The National Organisation of the Blind in South Africa|
|NPA||National Plan of Action for Children in South Africa|
|NQF||National Qualifications Framework|
|NTB||National Training Board|
|NTI||National Training Initiative|
|OTASA||Occupational Therapy Association of South Africa|
|PAS||Personal Assistance Service|
|QUASA||The Quadriplegic Association of South Africa|
|SABS||South African Bureau of Standards|
|SABWO||The South African Blind Worker Organisation of South Africa|
|SADI||South African Disability Institute|
|SAFCD||The South African Federal Council on Disability|
|SAFMH||The South African Federation for Mental Health|
|SAHRC||South African Human Rights Commission|
|SANCB||South African National Council for the Blind|
|SANEL||The South African National Epilepsy League|
|SAQA||South African Qualifications Authority|
|SMME||Small and Medium and Micro-Enterprises|
|TTESS||Task Team for Education Support Services (Now called NCESS)|
|VET||Vocational Education and Training|
|WHO||World Health Organisation|
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