Found 760 results
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Stone, Karen G.  2001.  Ugly.
ULOBA–Cooperative on Personal Assistance.  2003.  Uloba - Independent Living Norway Cooperative for Consumer controlled Personal Assistance.
Presented at the European Network on Independent Living (ENIL) conference in Southampton, England, 7-9 March 2003. Internet publication URL:
Were Masakhwe, Phitalis.  2007.  The UN Day for Persons with Disabilities: How the world is unfair to people with disabilities.
Internet Publication URL:
Janhager, Alexander Caputo.  2019.  Understanding Independent Living in Sweden: An Overview. PDF icon Understanding Independent Living in Sweden - An Overview.pdf (585.64 KB)
Concrete Change.  1998.  United Kingdom Single Family Access Law.
Internet publication URL:
United Nations.  1982.  United Nations Decade of Disabled Persons 1983-1992, World Programme of Action Concerning Disabled Persons.
This UN report concerns the Implementation of the World Programme of Action concerning Disabled Persons, including the implementation of the Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities. Internet publication URL:
PDF icon WPACDP.pdf (142.97 KB)
Annan, Kofi.  1999.  United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan's Message on the International Day of Disabled Persons.
In his message on the International Day of Disabled Persons, 3 December 1999, Kofi Annan, the Secretary General of the United Nations, spoke about the theme of the day, accessibility, with a reminder that for many people with disabilities, the lack of access to essential services remains a source of discrimination and lost opportunities. Accessibility in the broadest sense of the term is a prerequisite for disabled people to enjoy equal opportunities. Internet publication URL:
Milner, Joanne, Urquhart Dennis, Cox David.  1991.  Universal design and designer awareness: The constraints of architectural education.
Internet publication URL:  
Maine CITE Coordinating Center.  2000.  Universal Design: Maine's Opportunity To Lead the Way To Information Access For Everyone.
In September 1997, leaders from Maine State government, business, education, and the non-profit community gathered for the Conference, Maximizing Economic Potential. The Conference looked at how government and education can lead the way in ensuring that information technologies accommodate differing needs and provide access for everyone. This report is the outcome of that effort. Internet publication URL:
Aslaksen, Finn, Bergh Steinar, Bringa Olav Rand, Heggem Edel Kristin.  1997.  Universal Design Planning and Design for All.
This report attempts to develop and illustrate the concept of universal design, which opposes, ideologically and politically, all unnecessary and stigmatizing specialized solutions. The principles and definitions of universal design were developed by The Center for Universal Design, USA. The Norwegian State Council on Disability. Internet publication URLs: and (5.26 MB)
DO-IT.  1998.  The University of Washington, Access To Higher Learning.
This guide outlines universal design principles to develop accessible college and university computer labs. Internet publication URL:
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  2002.  User control over services as a precondition for self-determination.
Plenary presentation at Danish EU Presidency Seminar on "Quality of Life and Quality in Services for People with Disabilities," Copenhagen, October 31-November 1, 2002. Internet publication URL:
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1993.  The user cooperative model in personal assistance: The example of STIL, the Stockholm Cooperative for Independent Living.
Origins and description of the first European personal assistance user cooperative, the STIL (Stockholm Cooperative for Independent Living) project as of 1993 which served as model for the Swedish Personal Assistance Reform of 1994 by STIL's founder. Internet publication URL:
Bracking, Stuart, Cowan Ross.  1988.  Using a home care agency - A question and answer guide for Disabled people.
An introduction to personal assistance for people with disabilities, including definitions and dozens of practical questions with straight-forward answers. Internet publication URLs: and
Disability Rights Education Defense Fund.  1992.  Utdrag ur: Att skydda medborgerliga rättigheter: en steg-för-steg handledning i hur man kan vidta åtgärder.
Internet publication URL: (In Swedish.)
Batavia, Andrew I.  1998.  Utsikter för ett Nationellt Personlig program för personlig assistans: att öka valmöjligheter för personer med funktionsnedsättning.
Andrew Batavia är Associate Professor vid School of Policy and Management, College of Urban and Public Affairs, Florida International University, North Miami, Florida. Artikeln, Prospects for a National Personal Assistance Services Program: Enhancing Choice for People with Disabilities, är tidigare publicerad i American Rehabilitation Volym 24, nummer 4 Vintern 1998 Personal Assistance Services del 2 av 2. American Rehabilitation är Rehabilitation Services Adminsitrations (RSA) officiella organ. Adress: 330 C Street S.W Washington D.C. 20202-2531. Internet publication URL:
Driedger, Diane(ed.).  1991.  Utvecklingsprojekt av och för personer med funktionsnedsättning.
Internet publication URL:
Khalfan, H.  1992.  UWZ efforts in improving accessibility in Zanzibar Stone Town.
This report by H. Khalfan to the CIB Expert Seminar on Building Non-Handicapping Environments, Harare 1992, relates why Zanzibar Stone Town is inaccessible for persons with disabilities. He presents steps being taken to improve the situation. Internet publication URL:
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1993.  Vad kommer LSS innebära för STIL och andra initiativ?
I: Institutet för Independent Living. 1993. "Hemtjänst i omdaning - möjligheter och decentraliseringens och privatiseringens tid, Dokumentation av STIL-hearing Stockholm 1993." Internet publication URL: (In Swedish.)
Dube, A K.  1990.  Vad menar vi med utveckling?
Internet publication URL:
Berg, Susanne, Jahanmahan Farhad.  2004.  ”Vad sysslar du med?” är ett radioprogram om arbetsmarknaden för unga med funktionshinder och lagen om förbud mot diskriminering i arbetslivet
Vad man sysslar med, vilket arbete man har är av mycket stor betydelse i vårt samhälle. Arbetet är en stor del av den personliga identiteten; en del som inte enbart har betydelse för individens ekonomiska situation men också för hur sociala relationer inleds, formas och utvecklas. Tillgången till arbetsmarknaden är alltså en nyckelfråga för svenskarna. Vi fokuserar i det här programmet på ungdomar med funktionshinder och hur deras entré i arbetslivet ser ut. Lyssna-MP3 (26:57 minuter, 25,3 MB), lyssna-RealAudio, download-RealAudio (8,9 MB). Programmet i text. Deltagare:Pontus Degsell, Fredrik Larsson, Torbjörn Andersson (Handikappombudsmannen), Christina Järnstedt (LO) och Hanna Sejlitz. Intervjuer och research: Farhad Jahanmahan och Susanne Berg.
Cowan, Ross, Watson Bob.  1997.  Vad vill jag göra? En DIY (do it yourself, "gör det själv") manual/guide till självbedömning för personer med funktionsnedsättning
This Gateshead Personal Assistance Pilot Project quide provides information and advice to disabled people who wish to live independently by using personal assistance. The Guide focusses on assessing your needs. Internet publication URL: (In Swedish.)
Campbell, Jane.  2001.  Valuing Diversity: The Disability Agenda - We've Only Just Begun.
Dr. Jane Campbell, Chair of the Social Care Institute for Excellence in England, presented this paper at the Bristol University Centenary Celebration on 9th November 2001, as part of their series of lectures on Valuing Diversity. She concludes, amongst other things that, "Well firstly we have to acknowledge that independent living is a human rights issue. Secondly, society has to learn not to retreat from the nettle even though it causes pain. The voice of the so-called radicals that dare to tell it how it is must not be dismissed." Internet publication URL:
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  2008.  Vem sparar i LSS-kommitténs förslag?
Internet publication URL:
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1993.  Vi behöver alternativ till färdtjänsten!.
STIL-modellen som visade sig så framgångsrik på personlig assistans-området kan med fördel användas även på andra områden som t ex individuella resor. Artikeln publicerades i DN i mars 1993. Internet publication URL: (In Swedish.)
Abidi, Javed.  1999.  Vi måste lära oss att hävda oss. Disability Awareness in Action Newsletter, nummer 74, juli 1999.
According to Abidi, Executive Director, National Centre for Promotion of Employment of Disabled, India, with 60-70 million disabled people in India, disability is clearly a social issue, a socio-economic issue, a development issue. Why then is disability not a national issue? Internet publication URL:
Seifu, Michael.  2004.  A View from Ethiopia.
The author, a professional with a disability, reports about some of the difficulties faced by disabled people in Ethiopia. Internet publication URL:
Smaaland, Jessica.  2007.  Vilken är din typ? - Erfarenheter av assistansanordnare
Internet publikation URL: och
Iglesias, M, Gil G, Joneken A, Mickler B, Knudsen J S.  1998.  Violence and Disabled Women.
The report describes the situation of women with disabilities who are abused, analyzes various types of violence, describes general policies combatting violence against women with disabilities in Denmark, Germany, Sweden and Spain, and offers policy recommendations. It was carried out under the METIS project, European Unión DAPHNE initiativ. Internet publication URLs: (In English) and and (In Spanish).
Beatty, Philip, Adams Martha, O´Day Bonnier.  1998.  Virginia brukarstyrda personliga assistansprogram: En historik och utvärdering.
Beatty, Philip, Adams Martha, O´Day Bonnier.  1998.  Virginia's Consumer-Directed Personal Assistance Services Program: A History and Evaluation.
Werner, David.  1990.  Visit to Angola: Where Civilians are Disabled as a Strategy of LIC.
Internet publication URL:
Miles, M.  1987.  Vocational Rehabilitation: Barefoot Realities in North West Pakistan.
A project was developed at Peshawar, Pakistan, for learning the components and processes of making cheap, basic items of everyday life and offering these to disabled young people as small-scale crafts to practise at home and to sell locally. The crafts are economically marginal, with earnings insufficient for self-support, yet they can make a financial contribution to the family budget. This changes the disabled person's role and can lift self-esteem and initiate improved attitudes, while remaining within local capacities and ecology. An earlier version of this paper appeared in the African Rehabilitation Journal (1987) Vol. 2 (10) 13-14. Internet publication URL:
Bahn, Erik, Bahn Tina.  1991.  Waste disposal in the household - recycling systems for everyone. Arkitekterne Bahn.
This report, by the architects Erik & Tina Bahn, describes a project their architectural firm carried out for the Danish Building Development Board. The project was to develop and test recycling systems for waste disposal in the home which were as user-friendly and usable for as large a group of the population as possible. In: "Report of the Fourth International Expert Seminar on Building Non-Handicapping Environments: Access Legislation and Design Solutions Budapest, Hungary, September 2-4, 1991" (PDF, 480 KB). Internet publication URL: In Internet publication URLs: and
Brown, Steven E.  1996.  We Are Who We Are: So Who Are We? Musings on the definition of disability culture
Dr. Steven E. Brown, Co-Founder of the Institute on Disability Culture, in the United States, provides a short definition of disability culture and places the difficulty of definitions in the context of power struggles. First published in Mainstream: Magazine of the Able-Disabled, August 1996. Internet publication URL:
Abidi, Javed.  1999.  We (Disabled People) Must Learn to Exert Ourselves. Disability Awareness in Action Newsletter no. 74, July 1999.
According to Abidi, Executive Director, National Centre for Promotion of Employment of Disabled, India, with 60-70 million disabled people in India, disability is clearly a social issue, a socio-economic issue, a development issue. Why then is disability not a national issue? Internet publication URL:
Independent Living Institute.  2020.  Webinar 'Aging with Disabilities in the Community' Febraury 2020.
Independent Living Institute.  2019.  Webinar 'Disability Rights Defenders Network' May 2019.
Independent Living Institute.  2019.  Webinar 'Law for Accessibility' November 2019.
Independent Living Institute.  2020.  Webinar 'Legal Clinics - a tool to promote disability rights' May 2020.
Cowan, Ross, Watson Bob.  1997.  What do I want to do? a DIY guide to self-assessment for Disabled people
This Gateshead Personal Assistance Pilot Project quide provides information and advice to disabled people who wish to live independently by using personal assistance. The Guide focusses on assessing your needs. Internet publication URLs: and
PDF icon gateshead1.pdf (34.78 KB)
Dube, A K.  1990.  What Do We Mean by Development?
A.K. Dube of the Southern Africa Federation of the Disabled (SAFOD) Regional Development Officer discusses features of the development-underdevelopment process as it relates to disabled people and their organizations. He notes that people can only liberate or develop themselves if they are able to identify the forces that constrain or oppress them. Internet publication URL:
Brown, Steven E.  1998.  What Happened To Architectural Accessibility?
Dr. Steven E. Brown, Co-Founder of the Institute on Disability Culture, in the United States, discusses the issue of architectural accessibility and wonders why this so-called easy aspect of accessibility can still be so difficult to find and why more people aren’t talking about and taking action to increase architectural accessibility. Internet publication URL:
Handi Cap Evasion.  1997.  What is a Joëlette?
Read about how one parent's invention made travelling easier and more pleasant for his son, despite the latter's disability. The Handi Cap Evasion Website is at (in English and French). Internet publication URL:
Miles, M.  1994.  What is Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR)?
This paper tells why CBR is needed, and why there are many different views about what CBR is and how it should be done. It was written for the International League of Societies for Persons with Mental Handicap (now "Inclusion International"). It uses language that is easy to read. Internet publication URL:
Dr., Ratzka Adolf;.  1992.  What is your personal definition of Independent Living?
Dr., Ratzka Adolf;.  2015.  What role can Independent Living play in a country in economic crisis?
Tusler, Anthony.  2001.  Wheelchair Ease: The Internet, England, & My Summer Vacation.
Internet publication URL:
Miles, M.  1982.  Why Asia Rejects Western Disability Advice.
This paper reviews psycho-social and religious factors, professional motivations and political inequalities, that have prevented any widespread adoption of "community-based rehabilitation" by Asian governments. Internet publication URL:
Wolbring, Gregor.  1998.  Why Disability Rights Movements Do Not Support Euthanasia: Safeguards Broken Beyond Repair.
We believe that euthanasia is another technique to free society of disabled people and another expression of the ableism in western societies. Internet publication URL:
TOMRIC Agency.  2000.  Why People with Disabilities in Tanzania Deserve Economic Empowerment.
Internet publication URL:
Traustadottir, Rannveig.  1997.  Women with Disabilities: Issues, Resources, Connections Revised.
The materials in this information packet were compiled for anyone interested in learning about the lives of women and girls with disabilities. The packet is made up of five parts: PART I. Overview Article: Obstacles to Equality: The Double Discrimination of Women with Disabilities. PART II. Annotated Bibliography: Articles, journals, books, and other resources on women with disabilities. PART III. Teaching Others: An annotated listing of resource and teaching materials about women and girls with disabilities. PART IV. Building Connections: Where to find further resources for and about women with disabilities. Including services, support groups, organizations, and periodicals. PART V. World Wide Web Pages: This section provides web sites about and by women with disabilities and covers a variety of topics. Internet publication URL:
Tillander, Erik.  2012.  Working and parenting with personal assistance.
Independent Living Institute.  2012.  Working hours for personal assistants in Sweden.
Stars of Hope Society, Ramallah, Palestine.  2008.  Workshop on Article 19 in the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities "living independently and being included in the community".
Report on the workshop on Article 19 “Living independently and being included in the community“ of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities held in Ramallah, West Bank, Palestine on October 30, 2008. The organizers were Stars of Hope Society, Ramallah, which is an organization of women with disabilities, and Handicap International.
PDF icon StarsofHopeSociety20081115.pdf (115.64 KB)
Finkelstein, Vic.  1989.  You Don't Have to be a Cripple if You're Disabled, The upside-down world of racist South Africa.
Vic Finkelstein reports on his harrowing experience with South African police, not because he is black, but because he is disabled. Internet publication URL:
Johansson, Emma, Dr. Adolf Ratzka, Filipsson Hans.  2010.  Yttrande över ”Bortom fagert tal – Om bristande tillgänglighet som diskriminering” (Ds 2010:20). Stil, Stiftarna av Independent Living i Sverige, Independent Living Institute, Marschen för tillgänglighet. PDF icon 20101123STIL_ILI_Marschen_yttrande_bortom_fagert_tal.pdf (144.71 KB)
Brown, Steven E.  2000.  Zona and Ed Roberts: Twentieth Century Pioneers. Disability Studies Quarterly.
Brown, Steven E. 2000. "Zona and Ed Roberts: Twentieth Century Pioneers." In: Disability Studies Quarterly 20 (1)(Winter 2000), 26-42. Brown, Co-Founder of the Institute on Disability Culture, in the United States, has written a biographical description of two disability rights pioneers. Many people know the history and legacy of Ed Roberts, but far fewer realize the impact of his mother, Zona, and her own contributions apart from Ed to the disability rights movement. This is their story. Internet publication URLs: and (132 KB.)
PDF icon brown00a.pdf (131.54 KB)
Bartz, Elke.  1998.  Zur Lage der Assistenznehmer in Deutschland.
Internet publication URL:
Jagau, K.  1996.  Zur Pflegeversicherung.
Lange Jahre war eine Pflegeversicherung ein umkämpftes, ein strittiges Thema. Unbenommen war von allen Seiten immer zu hören, daß es nötig sei, das Pflegefallrisiko abzusichern. (In German.) Internet publication URL: