Library

Found 743 results
1993
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1993.  Personal Assistance and Disability Pride.
Adolf Ratzka reflects on disability pride through personal experiences, and the neccessity of personal assistance services to achieve independence and pride. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs4/pride93.html
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1993.  Personlig assistans och Disability Pride.
Adolf Ratzka pratar om "disability pride" genom hans egna erfarenheter och behovet av personlig assistans för att kunna känna sig oberoende och stolt. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs4/pride93b.html (In Swedish.)
Lagadien, Fadila.  1993.  The Power of Potential of People with Disabilities.
Fadila Lagadien looks at the social, attitudinal and physical barriers that handicap a person with a disability, resulting in their unacknowledged and unused potential. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs4/lagadien.html
United Nations.  1993.  Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities.
See documents by Dimitris Michailakis (http://www.independentliving.org/libauth.html#Michailakis) for reports about compliance with the United Nations Standard Rules. A/RES/48/96, 85th plenary meeting. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/standardrules/StandardRules1.html
Blomkvist, Henry.  1993.  "STIL:s roll i Nacka kommuns kundvalssystem." I: Institutet för Independent Living. 1993. "Hemtjänst i omdaning - möjligheter och decentraliseringens och privatiseringens tid, dokumentation av STIL-hearing Stockholm 1993.".
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/blomqvist1997 and www.independentliving.org/docs3/stil1993.html#7 (In Swedish.)
Åslund, Kerstin.  1993.  STIL:s roll i Stockholms stads förändringsarbete för valfrihet brukarinflytande.
I: Institutet för Independent Living. 1993. "Hemtjänst i omdaning - möjligheter och decentraliseringens och privatiseringens tid, Dokumentation av STIL-hearing Stockholm 1993." Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs3/stil1993.html#6 (In Swedish.)
Ferra, José.  1993.  Svårigheterna vid prissättningen av kommunala tjänster.
I: Institutet för Independent Living. 1993. "Hemtjänst i omdaning - möjligheter och decentraliseringens och privatiseringens tid, Dokumentation av STIL-hearing Stockholm 1993." Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs3/stil1993.html#4 (In Swedish.)
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1993.  The user cooperative model in personal assistance: The example of STIL, the Stockholm Cooperative for Independent Living.
Origins and description of the first European personal assistance user cooperative, the STIL (Stockholm Cooperative for Independent Living) project as of 1993 which served as model for the Swedish Personal Assistance Reform of 1994 by STIL's founder. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs5/ratzka199301.html.
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1993.  Vad kommer LSS innebära för STIL och andra initiativ?
I: Institutet för Independent Living. 1993. "Hemtjänst i omdaning - möjligheter och decentraliseringens och privatiseringens tid, Dokumentation av STIL-hearing Stockholm 1993." Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs3/stil1993.html#vad (In Swedish.)
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1993.  Vi behöver alternativ till färdtjänsten!.
STIL-modellen som visade sig så framgångsrik på personlig assistans-området kan med fördel användas även på andra områden som t ex individuella resor. Artikeln publicerades i DN i mars 1993. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/taxi/ar199303.html (In Swedish.)
1992
Tsai, Joseph Y B.  1992.  Access legislation and barrier-free environments in Taiwan.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibharare18.html
Masutha, Michael.  1992.  Access legislation and enforcement mechanisms.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibharare12.html  
Cohen, Neville.  1992.  Accessibility in South Africa.
Neville Cohen, of Chairman Industries in South Africa, notes in his paper that access and disability are broad terms, and that three steps should be taken prior to applying for legislation: to define requirements, to select a knowledgeable task force, and to locate influential advocates in the community. A history of building regulations in South Africa is given, followed by questions and answers concerning accessibility and national and cultural differences. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibharare5.html
Chizima, Febby.  1992.  Accessibility legislation in Zambia.
Febby Chizima, of ZAFOD in Lusaka, Zambia, outlines the lack of accessibility in Zambia in public buildings, housing, and street environments. The need for awareness and legislation in these areas is also discussed. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibharare4.html
Abdou, Safaa Issa M.  1992.  Accessible, adaptable low-cost housing in Egypt.
In: "Report of the Fifth International Expert Seminar on Building Non-Handicapping Environments: Access Legislation and Design Solutions, Harare, Zimbabwe, January 16-18, 1992." Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibharare9.html. In Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibharare1.html#anchor52685
ILRU.  1992.  An American definition of Independent Living.
Masemene, Moses.  1992.  Constitutionalism and access legislation.
CIB W84 Report Harare: Access Design and Legislation, 1992. Constitutions enshrine fundamental human rights, therefore disability rights denote access to fundamental human rights as we who have disabilities have got to enjoy the same rights as other people. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibharare11.html
Kleinfield, Sonny.  1992.  Declaring independence in Berkeley.
Care Support Ideas, HCIL (Hampshire Center for Independent Living).  1992.  Developing assistants management skills - Tools for Power.
ILRU.  1992.  Disability issues: organizing community support - Tools for Power.
Hassan, Javed.  1992.  Essentials of a comprehensive accessibility legislation.
Javad Hassan, President of the Association of Physically Disabled Persons, Islamabad, Pakistan, emphasizes that social integration of disabled people into society is dependant on their ability to physically participate in it. He describes the components for a strong legal instrument to ensure that all buildings and facilities meant for use by the general public would be usable and safe for all, which includes effective enforcement and implementation clauses and which provides for legal proceedings in case of non-compliance. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibharare8.html
Disability Rights Education Defense Fund.  1992.  Excerpts from Preserving disability civil rights: a step-by-step guide to taking action.
This excerpt from the Disability Rights and Education Defense Fund (located in Berkeley, California) civil rights action manual is concerned with the need to make the public aware of your issue and the different ways in which this can be done.
Bhandari, Avinash.  1992.  Introducing access legislation for architects and planners in Mauritius.
Avinash Bhandari, of the Ministry of Works in Mauritius, describes features to be included in the construction of buildings in order to ensure accessibility and safety for as broad a segment of the population as possible. He outlines the current state of accessibility in Mauritius and how it could be improved. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibharare2.html.
Rajah, Zorah.  1992.  Legislation of mobility facilities for disabled persons as backup to existing goodwill.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibharare16.html  
Hotchkiss, Ralf.  1992.  Manufacturing assistive devices in developing countries.
Independence through Mobility by Ralf Hotchkiss is a book about the nuts and bolts of starting a shop and producing the Hotchkiss manual wheelchair with a minimum of equipment, materials, skills and capital in Third World countries. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/toolsforpower/tools32.html
Wellington, H N A.  1992.  Opportunities and challenges of barrier-free design consciousness - an evaluation of the application of barrier-free design principles in the socio-cultural circumstances in Ghana.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibharare19.html
Hagan, Ben E, Wellington H N A.  1992.  Opportunities and constraints for access legislation in Ghana.
This paper by E. Ben Hagan and H. N. A. Wellington of the Building & Road Research Institute, Dept. of Architecture, University of Science & Technology, Kumasi, Ghana, analyses existing socio-cultural and institutional arrangements in Ghana in order to provide a basis for proposing a strategy to achieve access legislation within the prevailing development context. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibharare7.html
Sisco, Patricia.  1992.  Peer counseling: an overview.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/toolsforpower/tools22.html
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1992.  Personlig Assistans: Ett försök till en operationell definition.
"Personlig" assistans betyder att man som brukare utövar maximal kontroll över hur servicen organiseras och skräddarsyr den enligt sina individuella behov, sin förmåga, livssituation och sina strävanden. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/toolsforpower/tools15b.html (In Swedish.)
United Nations, Division for Social Policy and Development.  1992.  Persons with Disabilities, International Day of Disabled Persons, 3 December 1992.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs6/un19921014.html
Silwimba, Felix.  1992.  Possibilities of Independent Living of persons with disabilities in Africa.
D'Aubin, April.  1992.  Power to the people.
Newman, Gertrude.  1992.  Promotion of access legislation in Ghana.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibharare13.html  
Council of Europe.  1992.  Recommendation No. R(92)6 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on a Coherent policy for people with disabilities.
The Council of Europe recommends disability policy guidelines for Member States in such areas as: education, vocational training, employment, social integration, etc. This recommendation was adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 9 April 1992 at the 474th meeting of the Ministers' Deputies. Internet publication URLs: www.independentliving.org/docs3/coe92r6.html and www.independentliving.org/docs3/coe92r6.pdf
CIB (International Council for Building Research).  1992.  Report of the Fifth International Expert Seminar on Building Non-Handicapping Environments: Access Legislation and Design Solutions, Harare, Zimbabwe, January 16-18, 1992.
This portion of the report from the Fifth International Expert Seminar on Building Non-Handicapping Environments: Access Legislation and Design Solutions, held in Harare, Zimbabwe, includes a table of contents with links to papers and discussions, a presentation of the organizers, and opening addresses by the Hon. F.L. Chitauro, Dep. Minister of Labour, Manpower Planning and Social Welfare, Zimbabwe, by Mr. Alexander Phiri, Chairperson, Zimbabwe Federation of Disabled, and by Professor Sven Thiberg, CIB W84 Coordinator, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibharare1.html
Nzioki, Nicky, Maganjo Agnes, Kariuki Catherine.  1992.  A review of current accessibility legislation in Kenya.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibharare15.html
Dhlamini, Phillip.  1992.  Swaziland National Association of the Disabled.
Phillip Dhlamini of Swaziland briefly reports about progress being made by the Swaziland National Association of the Disabled. The organization was officially registered as an organization of disabled people in 1991. Drafted legislation is given pertaining to accessibility, human rights, equal opportunities, and Independent Living. In: Report of the CIB Expert Seminar on Building Non-Handicapping Environments Harare, Zimbabwe, January 16-18, 1992. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibharare6.html.
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1992.  Tools for Power: A Resource Kit for Independent Living.
The aim of the "Resource Kit" is threefold: (1) to empower disabled individuals and organizations of disabled persons, (2) to serve as a handbook for professionals, and (3) to aid NGO's in their disability work. It was a project of the Independent Living Committee of Disabled Peoples' International.
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1992.  Towards an operational definition of Personal Assistance.
"Personal" assistance means that users exercise the maximum control over how services are organised and custom-design their services according to their individual needs, capabilities, life circumstances and aspirations.
Disability Rights Education Defense Fund.  1992.  Utdrag ur: Att skydda medborgerliga rättigheter: en steg-för-steg handledning i hur man kan vidta åtgärder.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/toolsforpower/tools13bsv.html (In Swedish.)
Khalfan, H.  1992.  UWZ efforts in improving accessibility in Zanzibar Stone Town.
This report by H. Khalfan to the CIB Expert Seminar on Building Non-Handicapping Environments, Harare 1992, relates why Zanzibar Stone Town is inaccessible for persons with disabilities. He presents steps being taken to improve the situation. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibharare10.html
Dr., Ratzka Adolf;.  1992.  What is your personal definition of Independent Living?
1991
Philippen, D P.  1991.  Access legislation.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest25.html
Maxa, Miloslav.  1991.  Access legislation in the Czech Republic.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest16.html  
Fern, Robert.  1991.  Access to services and facilities in the Canadian Parks Service.
Robert Fern of The Canadian Parks Service (CPS) in his presentation at the CIB Seminar in Budapest, 1991, describes the Canadian Parks Service's implementation of accessibility measures for disabled persons in the Canadian National Parks. The CPS Strategy and Action Plan emphasizes the need for persons who have hearing, visual and mobility impairments to have equal and, where possible, integrated access to park and site themes, recreational opportunities and essential services. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest8.html
Christophersen, Jon.  1991.  Accessibility legislation - 1991.
Jon Christophersen, of the Building Research Institute in Norway, describes accessibility legislation, implementation, incentives for implementation and problems encountered in Norway. Two studies were carried out, one concerning access legislation in the building regulations and the other concerning life-span dwelling criteria. The results showed that accessibility in Norway could be improved through better workmanship and better control on site, improved legislation, and changing building practice. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest4.html
Novikov, Yuri.  1991.  Accessibility legislation in Byelorussia and the Byelorussian Society of the Disabled.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest21.html  
Dunn, Peter A.  1991.  Accessible housing legislation and policies: A framework for future policy development.
This paper focuses on the range of policy and legislative issues which need to be tackled in order for countries to promote a barrier-free housing environment, while looking at housing rights and civil rights of people with disabilities. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest6.htm
Kurylowicz, Ewa.  1991.  Adaptation of a theatre in Krakow, Poland.
In May 1991, the 19th century Slowackiego Theatre in Krakow, Poland was scheduled to host the International Conference on Security and Cooperation. This paper discusses adaptations made to parts of the building so that the needs and interests of people with disabilities could better be served. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest15.html
Golden, Marilyn.  1991.  The Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990: An activist's perspective.
In her presentation, Marilyn Golden of the Disability Rights and Education Defense Fund, U.S.A., talks about the series of laws against discrimination that the disability movement in the US has achieved, their limitations, and how they are enforced. An account is given of the extensive grass-roots activities and coalition building which took place prior to the enactment of the ADA of 1990. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest11.html
Nee, Pauline.  1991.  Anti-discrimination legislation as a basis for barrier-free design: How could the Americans with Disabilities Act be adapted for the U.K.?
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest20.html  
Eilenberg, Ian M.  1991.  Australia takes tentative steps to take up the challenge of persons with disabilities.
This report by Ian M. Eilenberg, Victorian University of Technology, RMIT, Australia describes legislative steps taken in Australia to improve building regulations in order to promote accessibility and a "non-handicapping" environment. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest7.html
Maxa, Miloslav.  1991.  Barriers in the built environment: The problems of barrier removal in the Czech Republic.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest17.html  
Stepanov, Viatcheslav K.  1991.  Built environment for disabled persons in Russia: Needs and problems.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest29.html  
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1991.  The case for accessibility legislation in a market economy." .
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest28.html
Racino, Julie Ann.  1991.  Center for Independent Living (CIL): Disabled People Take the Lead for Full Community Lives.
The Berkeley CIL, the "first organization of its type in the world," is a visible symbol of the Independent Living movement, the international civil rights movement of disabled people. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs4/racino91.html
Racino, Julie Ann.  1991.  Centrum för Independent Living (CIL), Berkeley, California: Funktionshindrade visar vägen till fullvärdigt medborgarskap.
The Berkeley CIL, the "first organization of its type in the world," is a visible symbol of the Independent Living movement, the international civil rights movement of disabled people. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs4/racino91sv.html (In Swedish.)
Csorba, Zoltán.  1991.  Classification of the environment - 1991.
In his report at the CIB seminar in 1991, Zoltán Csorba from the Mayor's Office in Budapest, Hungary describes action taken by the government to build homes for persons with disabilities in conjunction with the International Year of Disabled Persons and the various reasons why this initiative did not continue. He outlines a system of classification of the environment which could be used in the formulation of international recommendations which could in turn serve as a basis for legislation to promote the creation of non-handicapping environments and homes in former socialist states. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest5.html
Miles-Paul, Ottmar, Frehse Uwe.  1991.  Creating a political alliance for anti-discrimination legislation in Germany.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest18.html  
Parakattel, Paul.  1991.  Creating accessibility in developing countries.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest23.html  
Park, Walter.  1991.  Creating and maintaining access to housing: Implementing access at the local level.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest24.html
Kose, Satoshi.  1991.  Design guidelines of public collective housing for the aging society in Japan.
Satoshi Kose, from the Building Design and Use Division, Building Research Institute in Tsukuba, Japan, describes the Ministry of Construction's project aimed at solving the problem of housing for the aged, in terms of both policy on housing supply and guidelines for dwelling design. Some of the practical requirements will be: elimination of level differences within dwellings; provision of handrails to assist moving about; promotion of the development of building facilities that are suited to the needs of the aged persons, etc. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest13.html
Atanasova, Gallina.  1991.  Disability in Bulgaria - the necessity of higher social protection during the crisis period and the transition to a market economy.
Gallina Atanassova outlines the effects that half a century of totalitarian socialism has had on the current situation of disabled people in Bulgaria. She describes the work of the Union of Disabled People in Bulgaria, a grass roots organization which advocates for the rights and needs of disabled people in Bulgaria. Third ENIL Seminar, Stockholm, Sweden June 1991. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs2/enilstockholmsem2.html. In: Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs2/enilstockholmsem1.html.
Driedger, Diane(ed.).  1991.  Disabled People in International Development.
This booklet is presented to create an increasing awareness of disabled persons in the development process for both the disabled persons community and non-governmental organizations involved in international development. Internet publication URLs: www.independentliving.org/docs1/dispeopleintldev1.html and www.independentliving.org/docs1/dispeopleintldev.pdf
Driedger, Diane(ed.).  1991.  Disabled People's Development Projects.
This booklet is presented to create an increasing awareness of disabled persons in the development process for both the disabled persons community and non-governmental organizations involved in international development. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/dispeopleintldev3.html
Kose, Satoshi.  1991.  Elderly people and their accident experiences: Implication for the design of safer and easier-to-use dwellings.
In Japan, the 65-years-and-over age group has been rapidly increasing. Satoshi Kose, from the Building Design and Use Division, Building Research Institute in Tsukuba, Japan, discusses dwelling design for elderly people based on convenience and safety of residents. He bases his discussion on the results of two surveys conducted as a cooperative research by BRI, Asahi Chemical Co., Ltd. Housing Department, and Sekisui House Co., Tokyo Design Department. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest14.html
Wolinsky, Sid.  1991.  From an American legal practitioner's viewpoint.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest35.html
Treffers, Bastian.  1991.  Legislation: Strategy or final solution?
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest32.html
Driedger, Diane, D'Aubin April.  1991.  Literacy for Whom: Women with Disabilities Marginalized.
Disabled people, particularly disabled women, must be given specific consideration within the learner population. Literacy is both a gender issue and a disability issue. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/driedger_daubin1991literacy_for_whom
Driedger, Diane(ed.).  1991.  Människor med funktionsnedsättning och internationell utveckling.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/dispeopleintldev1sv.html (In Swedish.)
Fränti, Marttiina, Könkkölä Maija.  1991.  National report on Finnish access legislation.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest9.html
Thorén, Clas.  1991.  The Nordic Committee on Disability: Existing legislation in the Nordic countries.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest30.html  
van Hek, Roy.  1991.  Presentation of the "European Manual for an Accessible Built Environment.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest34.html
Harrison, James D.  1991.  Recent advances in accessibility legislation and incentives in Singapore.
This paper, by James D. Harrison from the School of Architecture, National University of Singapore, Singapore, describes the situation for disabled persons in Singapore, and the background leading up to proposals on accessibility which called for the introduction of a mandatory Accessibility Code for all buildings (including existing ones). Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest12.html
Polinszky, Tibor.  1991.  Regulation of the non-handicapping environment in Hungary.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest26.html  
Ghaem, Gisoo.  1991.  Research on urban planning and architecture for disabled persons in Iran - Establishing design criteria.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest10.html
Rajkov, Gordana.  1991.  The role of the Muscular Dystrophy Association in the creation of a barrier-free environment.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest27.html  
Economic Social Commission for Asia the Pacific, United Nations.  1991.  Self-Help Organizations of Disabled Persons.
The preparation of this Internet publication, "Self-Help Organizations of Disabled Persons," is an activity of an Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) project, with the purpose of promoting and supporting the self-help movement of people with disabilities in Asia and the Pacific. Guidelines on establishing and strengthening self-help organizations of disabled persons as well as case studies of such organizations are presented. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs2/escap1991.html
Daneshpour, Zohereh A, Toumeh Arbel F M.  1991.  A socio-physical study towards building barrier-free urban environment in Iran.
The Iranian five year National Development plan (from 1989-1994) includes "renovation of the overall urban environments towards the needs of the disabled." This paper by Zohereh A. Daneshpour and Arbel Toumeh F.M., of the DBRE Research Center in Tehran, Iran, is part of a research study included in the plan and describes how a case study area in Tehran was selected and analyzed in terms of existing problem areas for disabled persons in the urban environment. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest31.html
Uritsky, Felix M.  1991.  Technical aids and accessibility problems.
Presentation of a project emphasising assistive devices and legislation to create a barrier-free environment for people with disabilities and elderly people. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest33.html
Örnhall, Hans.  1991.  Towards European guidelines for an accessible built environment: An analysis of the "European Manual" from the Nordic experience.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest22.html
Armeni, Alain.  1991.  Towards general accessibility of the built environment for persons with limited mobility.
In: "Report of the Fourth International Expert Seminar on Building Non-Handicapping Environments: Access Legislation and Design Solutions Budapest, Hungary, September 2-4, 1991" (PDF, 480 KB). Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest2.html. In Internet publication URLs: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest1.html and www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest.pdf
Milner, Joanne, Urquhart Dennis, Cox David.  1991.  Universal design and designer awareness: The constraints of architectural education.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest19.html  
Driedger, Diane(ed.).  1991.  Utvecklingsprojekt av och för personer med funktionsnedsättning.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/dispeopleintldev3sv.html
Bahn, Erik, Bahn Tina.  1991.  Waste disposal in the household - recycling systems for everyone. Arkitekterne Bahn.
This report, by the architects Erik & Tina Bahn, describes a project their architectural firm carried out for the Danish Building Development Board. The project was to develop and test recycling systems for waste disposal in the home which were as user-friendly and usable for as large a group of the population as possible. In: "Report of the Fourth International Expert Seminar on Building Non-Handicapping Environments: Access Legislation and Design Solutions Budapest, Hungary, September 2-4, 1991" (PDF, 480 KB). Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest3.html. In Internet publication URLs: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest1.html and www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest.pdf.
1990
United States of America.  1990.  Americans With Disabilities Act PUBLIC LAW 101-336 JULY 26, 1990 104 STAT. 327.
The ADA gives civil rights protections to individuals with disabilities that are like those provided to individuals on the basis of race, sex, national origin, and religion. Internet publication URLs: www.independentliving.org/docs3/ada.html, and www.independentliving.org/docs3/adapamph.html
Dunn, Peter A.  1990.  The Economic, Social, and Environmental Obstacles Which Seniors with disabilities confront in Canada.
This paper describes and analyzes the economic, environmental and attitudinal factors that create barriers which confront disabled seniors in Canada, especially those individuals with physical disabilities, and which limit their full participation in society. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs5/dunn1990a.html
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1990.  Gustav Möller (s) och STIL.
STIL-modellen - maximalt självbestämmande men offentlig finansiering - knyter an till gammal socialdemokratisk tradition. Gustav Möller var svensk socialminister på 40-talet och förordnade den s k kontantlinjen. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs3/ar1990a.html (In Swedish.)
Werner, David.  1990.  Resa till Angola - ett land där människor lemlästas som en strategi i lågintensiv krigföring.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/werner1990rese_till_angola
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1990.  STIL mot hemtjänststalinisterna.
Hur skulle det se ut om kommunen hade monopol på finansieringen, produktionen och fördelningen av bröd? Artikeln illustrerar det tredubbla kommunala monopolet på hemtjänstområde. Artikeln publicerades i DN. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs3/ar199008.html (In Swedish.)
Dube, A K.  1990.  Vad menar vi med utveckling?
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/dube1990utveckling
Werner, David.  1990.  Visit to Angola: Where Civilians are Disabled as a Strategy of LIC.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/werner1990visit_to_angola
Dube, A K.  1990.  What Do We Mean by Development?
A.K. Dube of the Southern Africa Federation of the Disabled (SAFOD) Regional Development Officer discusses features of the development-underdevelopment process as it relates to disabled people and their organizations. He notes that people can only liberate or develop themselves if they are able to identify the forces that constrain or oppress them. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/dube1990development
1989
GAD's Center for Independent Living.  1989.  Employing your own personal assistant - Tools for Power.
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1989.  Personal Assistance: The key to Independent Living.
Keynote address at the conference on personal assistance in Strasbourg, France.
Ahuja, Suresh C.  1989.  Role of Disabled Persons & Families in the Equalization of Opportunites.
Disabled persons can be converted from tax consumers to tax payers, from beneficiaries to benefactors, given the opportunity for self-development and provided with equal opportunities for education, vocational training and employment. Presented at the International Meeting on Human Resources in the Field of Disability, Tallin, 14-22 August 1989. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs4/ahuja.html.
duToit, Mike.  1989.  Self Help Association of Paraplegics, SHAP, Republic of South Africa.
This article describes the experience and success of SHAP, which was launched in 1981 by a group of unemployed Soweto paraplegics. They decided to operate a factory employing only disabled people, doing work on a subcontract basis for industry. By 1989 the factory employed 130 disabled people. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/toolsforpower/tools31.html
European Network on Independent Living(ENIL).  1989.  The Strasbourg Resolutions.
Finkelstein, Vic.  1989.  You Don't Have to be a Cripple if You're Disabled, The upside-down world of racist South Africa.
Vic Finkelstein reports on his harrowing experience with South African police, not because he is black, but because he is disabled. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/finkelstein2.html
1988
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1988.  Aufstand der Betreuten - Selbstrespekt als Richtschnur.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs4/ratzka88a.html (in German.)

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