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Independent Living Institute.  2014.  Personal assistance in Belgium, overview and external links.
Independent Living Institute.  2014.  Personal assistance in Finland, overview and external links.
Independent Living Institute.  2014.  Personal assistance in Germany, overview and external links.
Independent Living Institute.  2014.  Personal assistance in Ireland, overview and external links.
Independent Living Institute.  2014.  Personal assistance in Norway, overview and external links.
Berg, Susanne.  2003.  Personal Assistance in Sweden.
From the perspective of a personal assistance user, the author describes the background and development of the legislation in Sweden dealing with personal assistance through direct payment. The power issues surrounding establishment of the Stockholm Independent Living Cooperative (STIL) are also addressed. Plenary presentation at: Personal Assistance in Practice - A Conference Organised by the Swiss Association for Social Policy (Persönliche Assistenz in der Praxis - Eine Informationstagung der Schweizerischen Vereinigung für Sozialpolitik), Hotel Bern, Bern, Switzerland, 2003-05-20. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs6/berg20030520.html
Westberg, Kenneth, Berg Susanne, Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  2012.  Personal Assistance in Sweden. PDF icon Personal_Assistance_in_Sweden_KW_2010.pdf (913.82 KB)
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  2012.  Personal Assistance: Key to Independent Living as illustrated by the Swedish Personal Assistance Act.
United Nations Human Rights, Office of the High Commissioner, Europe Regional Office convened a meeting in Brussels on May 7 2012 "CRPD and EU Structural Funds: The way ahead for Independent Living" to raise awareness about the violation of CRPD Article 19 "Living independently and being included in the community" by using EU Structural Funds for the construction and maintenance of residential institutions. The paper shows how demand-driven direct payments for Personal Assistance services, not only achieve far superior quality of services than residential institutions resulting in higher quality of life for service users at lower costs but also affect a country's economy more favorably. Thus, violating Article 19 of the CRPD is not only illegal but also wasteful in terms of human and monetary capital.
Belli, Raffaello.  1998.  Personal Assistance Legislation in Italy.
Raffaello Belli reports on various pieces of Italian legislation applying to payment of personal assistance for people with disabilites. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/belli1998.html.
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  2012.  Personal assistance policy features for Independent Living:.
What are the important features of a national policy on personal assistance that is to promote "living independently and being included in the community" "with choices equal to others" and to enable persons with disabilities to fulfill their duties and to enjoy their rights as citizens? The presentation identifies the elements of the Swedish Personal Assistance Act of 1994 that have contributed most to the outcome of this widely acclaimed legislation.
Microsoft Office document icon 2012_01_Wien_PPP_Word.doc (47 KB)
Adolf, Dr. Ratzka.  2006.  Is Personal Assistance Relevant for Developing Countries?
Litvak, Simi.  1998.  Personal Assistance Service Policy: Where We Have Been and Where We Are Going.
Dr. Simi Litvak examines the current state of Personal Assistance Services (PAS), and how they might be improved in a fiscal, quality, and humanitarian sense. Internet publication URL: http://www.independentliving.org/docs4/ar4984.html
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1989.  Personal Assistance: The key to Independent Living.
Keynote address at the conference on personal assistance in Strasbourg, France.
Finkelstein, Vic.  2001.  A Personal Journey Into Disability Politics.
Finkelstein reviews the development of radical British disability organizations and his own personal history and thought in their evolution. Finkelstein, a psychologist by training, was tutor in Disability Studies at the Open University and is now Visiting Senior Research Fellow in the Centre for Disability Studies, Leeds University. Finkelstein has a disability. Internet publication URLs: www.independentliving.org/docs3/finkelstein01a.html and www.independentliving.org/docs3/finkelstein01a.pdf
Rajkov, Gordana.  1999.  A Personal Letter from Belgrade, Serbia - Written during the current NATO bombings in Yugoslavia.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs6/rajkov1999.html  
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  2011.  Personal responsibility as precondition for personal and social change.
Adolf Ratzka, Independent Living Institute, presented at the Second International Conference on Personal Responsibility on the Way to Social Change organized by Jerusalem Center for Independent Living December 2, 2010
PDF icon 2011-05_Personal_responsibility_as_precondition_for_personal_and_social_change.pdf (111.98 KB)
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1996.  Persönliche Assistenz in Schweden.
Independent Living oder Selbsbestimmt Leben ist eine weltweite Bewegung von Menschen mit Behinderungen, die gegen Aussonderung, Bevormundung und Diskriminierung arbeiten und für volle Bürgerrechte, Selbstbestimmung und Selbstrespekt kämpfen. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs5/PersAssistenzinSchweden.html (in German).
Nybom, Martin, Pettersson Jens.  2008.  Personlig assistans - en billig och effektiv form av valfrihet, egenmakt och integritet - En jämförelse mellan kostnaderna för personlig assistans och kommunal hemtjänst.
Internet publication URL: http://www.independentliving.org/lsskostnad/ (In Swedish.)
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1992.  Personlig Assistans: Ett försök till en operationell definition.
"Personlig" assistans betyder att man som brukare utövar maximal kontroll över hur servicen organiseras och skräddarsyr den enligt sina individuella behov, sin förmåga, livssituation och sina strävanden. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/toolsforpower/tools15b.html (In Swedish.)
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1993.  Personlig assistans och Disability Pride.
Adolf Ratzka pratar om "disability pride" genom hans egna erfarenheter och behovet av personlig assistans för att kunna känna sig oberoende och stolt. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs4/pride93b.html (In Swedish.)
Anderson-Pope, Peter.  2013.  "Personligt om assistans" intervju med Adolf Ratzka av Peter Anderson-Pope för Rekryteringsgruppens tidskrift Kick höst 2013.
United Nations, Division for Social Policy and Development.  1992.  Persons with Disabilities, International Day of Disabled Persons, 3 December 1992.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs6/un19921014.html
Independent Living Research Utilization (ILRU) Program.  1999.  Perspectivas Globales Sobre Vida Independiente Para El Proximo Milenio. Washington, D.C. 21-25 de setiembre de 1999.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs2/ils99sp.html
Handi Cap Evasion.  1997.  Peru 1997.
See how travelling with a disability just got easier with the Joëlette in action on a trip to Peru, where even the toughest terrain can be conquered with this wonderful invention! Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs5/Peru1997.html
Hasler, Frances.  2003.  Philosophy of Independent Living.
The author summarises the philosophy of independent living by quoting Philip Mason, John Evans, Adolf Ratzka, Martin McNaughton, and others. Included is a summary of the seven “basic needs” of independent living identified by Derbyshire CIL. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs6/hasler2003.html
Duyvendak, J W, Melief W B A M.  2001.  Pioneering Personal Assistance in Slovenia: An Evaluation of the YHD Pilot Project on Personal Assistance in Slovenia.
YHD-Association for Theory and Culture of Disability, an organization run by and for people with disabilities and subscribing to the Independent Living philosophy, started a pilot project in Ljubljana with personal assistance for deinstitutionalization and equal opportunities of assistance users. Internet publication URLs: http://www.independentliving.org/docs3/duve2001.html and http://www.independentliving.org/files/duve2001.pdf.
PDF icon duve2001.pdf (150 KB)
Galvin, Donald E.  1980.  Policy Issues in Independent Living Rehabilitation.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs6/galvin198006.html
South African Human Rights Commission.  1997.  Policy Paper from the South African Human Rights Commission 1997 # 5 : Disability.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs6/sahr1977.html  
Nyhetsbyrån ikapp.  2003.  Populärt byta färdtjänstbuss mot taxi.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/taxi/ikapp20030327.html (In Swedish).  
Godinho, Francisco.  1999.  Portuguese Parliament promotes Web Accessibility.
Portugal became the fourth country in the world to officially promote web accessibility for people with disabilities, after the United States, Australia and Canada. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs5/portweb.html
Physical Disability Council of NSW, Inc..  1999.  Position Papers '99, Attendant Care.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/pdcnsw99.html  
Silwimba, Felix.  1992.  Possibilities of Independent Living of persons with disabilities in Africa.
Were Masakhwe, Phitalis.  2008.  Post-election violence and disabled people in Kenya; issues for reflection and action.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs7/masakhwe20080124.html
Brown, Steven E.  1998.  Poster Kids No More:' Perspectives About the No-Longer Emerging (In Fact, Vibrant) Disability Culture.
Dr. Steven E. Brown, Co-Founder of the Institute on Disability Culture, in the United States, takes an opportunity to review a decade of investigating and promoting disability culture. This piece quotes liberally from previous Brown publications, and attempts to put into perspective both opinions that challenge the concept of a disability culture and those that support it. In: Disability Studies Quarterly, 18(1) (Winter 1998), 5-19. (PDF, 160 KB.) Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs3/brown98a.html. In Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs3/brown98a.pdf.
Leone, Jayne.  1997.  Power, Control, Confidence, and Courage.
Becoming an active participant in what happens to you requires that you feel empowered, exercise self-control, feel self-confident and have courage. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs5/Leone97.html
Lagadien, Fadila.  1993.  The Power of Potential of People with Disabilities.
Fadila Lagadien looks at the social, attitudinal and physical barriers that handicap a person with a disability, resulting in their unacknowledged and unused potential. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs4/lagadien.html
D'Aubin, April.  1992.  Power to the people.
Mohit, Anuradha, Rungta S K.  2000.  Preliminary ideas and procedures for ensuring systematic international collection of information.
In: "Let the World Know - Report of a Seminar on Human Rights and Disability Held at Almåsa Conference Centre, Stockholm, Sweden, November 5-9, 2000." Pre-paper 7. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs2/mohit00.pdf. In Internet publication URLs: www.independentliving.org/docs2/rioux00.pdf and www.independentliving.org/docs2/rioux00.doc
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  2003.  The prerequisites for de-institutionalization.
Paper presented at the European Congress on Independent Living, Tenerife April 24-26, 2003. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs6/ratzka200304.html.
Könkkölä, Kalle.  1998.  Presentation at the Seminar on Human Rights for Persons with Disabilities from a North and South Perspective Stockholm, Sweden 23 August, 1998.
Kalle Könkkölä discusses the organization's perspective on human rights. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/stlm19980823b.html
Barnes, Colin.  1998.  Presentation at the Seminar on Human Rights for Persons with Disabilities from a North and South Perspective Stockholm, Sweden, 1998-08-23.
In his presentation at the seminar organized by Independent Living Sweden, Stockholm, Professor Colin Barnes of the Disability Research Unit in Leeds, UK, discusses rights and conditions for disabled persons in the UK and developed countries as compared to those in developing countries. He raises questions concerning the efficacy of legislation, the concept of rights, disability as one of many forms of social oppression, how developed countries’ economic policies are responsible for disability in developing countries, the role of organizations in improving conditions for disabled people, and the importance of the right to life. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/stlm19980823g.html.
Lagadien, Fadila.  1997.  Presentation för nationella kvinnodagen 1997 Telekom - firande inför kvinnodagen.
Fadila Lagadien considers how media communicates images of the estimated 13 per cent of disabled South Africans, especially women with disabilities. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/fadila97sv.html (In Swedish.)
van Hek, Roy.  1991.  Presentation of the "European Manual for an Accessible Built Environment.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest34.html
Könkkölä, Kalle.  1998.  Presentation vid Seminarium om mänskliga rättigheter för personer med funktionsnedsättning ur ett nord- och sydperspektiv Stockholm, Sverige 23 augusti 1998.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/stlm19980823bsv.html (In Swedish.)
Disability Intergroup.  2001.  Press Release: Disabled People to Finally Catch the Bus - Victory for Disabled People on Bus and Coach Directive.
All newly purchased buses throughout the European Union must be fully accessible to people with disabilities according to the Directive. This was the result of nine years of campaigning by disabled people, together with the Disability Intergroup of the European Parliament. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/pr20010216.html
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  2001.  Pressmeddelande 2001-09-17, Taxi för alla - rärlighet åt personer med omfattande funktionshinder.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/taxi/taxi010917.html (in Swedish).
Harrington, Candy.  1999.  The Problem with Travel Misinformation.
The biggest problem for travelers with disabilities is the alarming increase of misinformation about accessible travel, claims Candy Harrington. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs3/ch1999.html
Harrington, Candy.  1999.  Problemet med desinformation.
The biggest problem for travelers with disabilities is the alarming increase of misinformation about accessible travel, claims Candy Harrington. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs3/ch1999sv.html (In Swedish.)
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  2012.  Projektansökan Assistanstips. PDF icon Ansokan_Assistanstips_ursprungliga_bilaga.pdf (313.64 KB)
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  2002.  Projektet ‘Taxi för Alla’ (PDF, 60 KB).
Nollåtta. DHR Stockholmavdelning. No. 6, dec. 2002, s. 14. Internet publikation URL: www.independentliving.org/taxi/nollatta200212s14.pdf (PDF, 60 KB).
Newman, Gertrude.  1992.  Promotion of access legislation in Ghana.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibharare13.html  
Economic Social Commission for Asia the Pacific, United Nations.  1995.  Promotion of Non-Handicapping Physical Environments for Disabled Persons: Guidelines.
As part of a series of regional initiatives to translate into action the goals and objectives of the Asian and Pacific Decade of Disabled Persons, ESCAP in 1993 embarked on a project to promote non-handicapping environments for persons with disabilities and elderly persons in the Asian and Pacific region. This publication of comprehensive guidelines for the promotion of non-handicapping environments is an activity under the project. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs2/escap1995.html
Batavia, Andrew I.  1998.  Prospects for a National Personal Assistance Services Program: Enhancing Choice for People With Disabilities.
Mr. Batavia is Associate Professor, School of Policy and Management, College of Urban and Public Affairs, Florida International University, North Miami, Florida. The article was published in American Rehabilitation, Volume 24, Number 4, Winter 1998, Personal Assistance Services Part 2 of 2. American Rehabilitation is the official publication of the Rehabilitation Services Administration (RSA) 330 C Street S.W. Washington D.C. 20202-2531. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs6/batavia1998.html.
Persson, Ann.  2003.  Protester mot höjd avgift för rullstolstaxi.
Dagens Nyhter. Internet publikation URL: www.independentliving.org/taxi/dn20031007.html (In Swedish).  
Stockholms läns landstings Landstingsfullmäktige.  2003.  Protokoll § 281, Handlingsplan med förslag till åtgärder för att få färdtjänstbudgeten i balans (förslag 68).
Internet publikation URL: www.independentliving.org/taxi/stklms-lan20031007.html (In Swedish.)  
Haualand, Hilde.  2010.  Provision of Videophones and Video Interpreting for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing, A Comparative Study of Video Interpreting (IV) Systems in the US, Norway and Sweden. Fafo Institute for Labour and Social Research, Norway.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/haualand20100924video-interpreting-systems
PDF icon haualand20100924video-interpreting-systems.pdf (1022.69 KB)
O'brien, John, O'brien Connie Lyle.  2003.  Publications by John O'brien and Connie Lyle O'brien.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs6/obrien20031011.html  
Brown, Steven E.  2007.  The Pursuit of Radical Change: Perceptions and Realities of the Americans with Disabilities Act.
The author was invited to address an audience in Stockholm, Sweden, in June 2007, regarding the Americans with Disabilities Act and how it might relate to the implementation of an anti-discrimination law in Sweden. This paper is an attempt to shed light on the ADA in that context. Discussions include 1) how American laws are made, 2) historical background relating to the development of the ADA, 3) a discussion of the Act itself, 4) enforcement mechanisms, 5) impact of the ADA, and 6) future directions. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs7/brown20070531.html
R
International Labour Organisation.  1983.  R168 Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment (Disabled Persons) Recommendation, 1983.
This document is a Recommendation adopted by The General Conference of the International Labour Organisation in Geneva in 1983 and supplements the C159 Convention. The document seeks to set forth new international standards concerning the need to ensure equality of opportunity and treatment to all categories of disabled persons, in both rural and urban areas, for employment and integration into the community. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs4/ilo-conv-r168.html
Independent Living Institute, Berg Susanne, Hellman Finn.  2006.  Radio Independent Living.
European Commision.  1998.  Raising Employment Levels of People with Disabilities - The Common Challenge.
In light of the European Employment Strategy, and drawing on the analysis of some key elements of the 1998 Member States' National Action Plans, this paper seeks to establish a set of fundamental policy issues concerning employment and disability. Internet publication URLs: http://www.independentliving.org/docs3/ec1550.html and http://www.independentliving.org/files/ec1550.pdf
PDF icon ec1550.pdf (38.37 KB)
Berg, Susanne.  2013.  Rapport från förstudien - Lagen som Verktyg. PDF icon Rapport-forstudie-AA-LSVerktyg.pdf (69.19 KB)
Disabled Peoples International Europe,.  2000.  Rätten att leva och att vara annorlunda.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/dpi022000sv.html (In Swedish.)
Agerblad, Annika, Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  1995.  Rätten till föräldraskap.
En konferens arrangerad av Handikappombudsmannen och STIL, med stöd från Allmänna Arvsfonden, Stockholm 28-29 augusti 1995. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs3/ratt95.html (In Swedish.)
Paul Lappalainen.  2016.  Realizing the promise of CRPD and disability discrimination law: strategic litigation and human rights enforcement.
Paul Lappalainen, Erdtman, Emil.  2017.  Realizing the promise of CRPD and disability discrimination law - strategic litigation and human rights enforcement (video and other documentation of the conference and seminars 24-25 November 2016).
Harrison, James D.  1991.  Recent advances in accessibility legislation and incentives in Singapore.
This paper, by James D. Harrison from the School of Architecture, National University of Singapore, Singapore, describes the situation for disabled persons in Singapore, and the background leading up to proposals on accessibility which called for the introduction of a mandatory Accessibility Code for all buildings (including existing ones). Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest12.html
Council of Europe.  1992.  Recommendation No. R(92)6 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on a Coherent policy for people with disabilities.
The Council of Europe recommends disability policy guidelines for Member States in such areas as: education, vocational training, employment, social integration, etc. This recommendation was adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 9 April 1992 at the 474th meeting of the Ministers' Deputies. Internet publication URLs: www.independentliving.org/docs3/coe92r6.html and www.independentliving.org/docs3/coe92r6.pdf
Council of Europe.  1996.  Recommendation No. R(96)5 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on Reconciling Work and Family Life.
The Council of Europe recommends disability policy guidelines for Member States in such areas as: education, vocational training, employment, social integration, etc. This recommendation was adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 19 June 1996 at the 569th meeting of the Ministers' Deputies. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs3/coe96r5.html
Light, Richard.  2000.  Recording human rights abuses against persons with disabilities: practical issues revealed by the Disability Awareness in Action Human Rights Project.
In: "Let the World Know - Report of a Seminar on Human Rights and Disability Held at Almåsa Conference Centre, Stockholm, Sweden, November 5-9, 2000." Pre-paper 2. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs2/docs2/light00.pdf. In Internet publication URLs: www.independentliving.org/docs2/rioux00.pdf and www.independentliving.org/docs2/rioux00.doc
Polinszky, Tibor.  1991.  Regulation of the non-handicapping environment in Hungary.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest26.html  
Barnes, Colin.  2003.  Rehabilitation for Disabled People: a ‘sick’ joke?
Professor Barnes, from the Centre for Disability Studies, University of Leeds, England argues that the relationship between disability and rehabilitation is best explained in terms of three distinct but related definitions of disability: the orthodox ‘individualistic’ medical definition, the more liberal ‘inter-relational’ account, and the ‘radical‘ socio/political interpretation commonly referred to as the ‘social model of disability’. He concludes with a brief focus on alternative strategies generated by disabled people and their organisations. Internet publication URL: http://www.independentliving.org/docs6/barnes2003a.html
King, Audrey.  2003.  Remarkable Teachers – Mr. Winter.
This is an account by Audrey King, M.A., an internationally known writer, speaker, and advocate on disability issues, about Mr. Winter, a high school teacher who made a difference by making sure that Ms. King, in a wheelchair because of polio, was included in the school community in every way. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/column/king20030724.html
Dr., Ratzka Adolf;.  2014.  Remissvar på betänkandet Förändrad assistansersättning – en översyn av ersättningssystemet (SOU 2014:9). PDF icon Remissvar på betänkandet Förändrad assistansersättning – en översyn av ersättningssystemet (SOU 2014:9)  (20.62 KB)
Berg, Susanne.  2010.  Remissvar på utredningen Bortom fagert tal – om bristande tillgänglighet som diskriminering (Ds 2010:20)..
Lagadien, Fadila.  1996.  Remove Barriers in Employment for Disabled People.
Fadila Lagadien challenges the existing perception that disabled people cannot engage in gainful or meaningful employment as they are believed to be sick, and sick people belong in hospital. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs4/fadila96.html
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  2009.  Report from Independent Living seminar in Stockholm 2009: Networks on Personal Assistance and Public Transport Access.
Ruzicic, Mima.  2005.  Report from Mima Ruzicic, Novi Sad, Serbia and Montenegro, About the Situation of Personal Assistance Users and Students with Disabilities.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs7/ruzicic200504.html
The Pan Africa Wheelchair Builders Association (PAWBA) and The Tanzanian Training Centre for Orthopaedic Technologists (TATCOT).  2007.  Report of 4th All Africa Wheelchair Congress, 17TH – 21ST September 2007, Uhuru Hotel, Moshi, Tanzania.
Internet publication URLs: www.independentliving.org/docs7/pawba-tatcot200709.html and www.independentliving.org/docs7/pawba-tatcot200709.pdf  
CIB (International Council for Building Research).  1992.  Report of the Fifth International Expert Seminar on Building Non-Handicapping Environments: Access Legislation and Design Solutions, Harare, Zimbabwe, January 16-18, 1992.
This portion of the report from the Fifth International Expert Seminar on Building Non-Handicapping Environments: Access Legislation and Design Solutions, held in Harare, Zimbabwe, includes a table of contents with links to papers and discussions, a presentation of the organizers, and opening addresses by the Hon. F.L. Chitauro, Dep. Minister of Labour, Manpower Planning and Social Welfare, Zimbabwe, by Mr. Alexander Phiri, Chairperson, Zimbabwe Federation of Disabled, and by Professor Sven Thiberg, CIB W84 Coordinator, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibharare1.html
CIB (International Council for Building Research).  1984.  Report of the International Expert Seminar Building Concept for the Handicapped Stockholm, Sweden, April 10-12, 1984.
CIB is the abbreviation of the French title of the International council for Building Research, Studies and Documentation. This portion of the report of the International Expert Seminar on Building Concept for the Handicapped in Stockholm in 1984 includes: a table of contents with links to individual presentations; and presentations by Mr. Bengt Lindqvist, Member of the Swedish Parliament, Chairman of the Central Committee of Organizations of the Disabled in Sweden, and by Professor Sven Thiberg, coordinating chairman of CIB/W 84 (the working commission). Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibsthlm1.html
CIB (International Council for Building Research).  1987.  Report of the Second International Expert Seminar on Building Non-Handicapping Environments: Renewal of Inner Cities, Prague.
This portion of the report of the Second International Expert Seminar on Building Non-Handicapping Environments: Renewal of Inner Cities held in Prague in 1987, includes: a table of contents with links to individual presentations; an introduction of the history and future directions of CIB W84 (the working commission) by Sven Thiberg the seminar Coordinator and Adolf D. Ratzka, the Associate Coordinator; a note on language used; the opening address by Dr. Rudolf Hegenbart; and an introduction to the themes of the seminar by Adolf D. Ratzka. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibprague1.html
CIB (International Council for Building Research).  1988.  Report of the Third International Expert Seminar on Building Non-Handicapping Environments: Accessibility Issues in Developing Countries, Tokyo.
This portion of the report of the Third International Expert Seminar on Building Non-Handicapping Environments: Accessibility Issues in Developing Countries held in Tokyo in 1988, includes: a table of contents with links to individual presentations; a preface by the editor of the report, Adolf D. Ratzka, Ph.D., outlining the concepts of accessibility and Independent Living; a presentation of the organizers of the seminar; and opening statements by Dr. Yasumi Yoshitake, Chairman of the Executive Committee, Architectural Institute of Japan, by Professor Sven Thiberg, the CIB W84 Coordinator, and by Dr. Mickey Milner, Immediate Past Chairman of ICTA, International Commission on Technical Aids, Building and Transportation. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibtokyo1.html
United Nations.  1998.  Report of the United Nations Consultative Expert Group Meeting on International Norms and Standards Relating to Disability.
Experts in international law and disability policy issues review and discuss issues and trends relating to the practical application of international norms and standards to promote the human rights of persons with disabilities. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs4/disberk0.html
Werner, David.  1990.  Resa till Angola - ett land där människor lemlästas som en strategi i lågintensiv krigföring.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/werner1990rese_till_angola
Enns, Henry.  1998.  Resa till Mellanöstern.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/enns1998mellanostern
Gill, Carol J.  1995.  Research on urban planning and architecture for disabled persons in Iran - Establishing design criteria.
Dr. Carol J. Gill, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Human Development and Director of the Chicago Center for Disability Research, Department of Disability and Human Development at the University of Illinois at Chicago, provides an excellent perspective of why the need for a culture, what it is, and what it means for those of us who feel the need to be categorized in it. Internet publication URL: http://www.independentliving.org/docs3/gill1995.html
Ghaem, Gisoo.  1991.  Research on urban planning and architecture for disabled persons in Iran - Establishing design criteria.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibbudapest10.html
Thiberg, Sven.  1984.  Research Profiles and Strategies.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibsthlm5.html  
Rehabilitation Services Administration (RSA).  1998.  Resolution om Personlig assistans.
Antagen av deltagarna på International Personal Assistance Services Symposium, sponsrat av World Institute on Disability. Symposiet ägde rum i Oakland, Kalifornien, den 29 september till den 1 oktober 1991. Artikeln är tidigare publicerad i American Rehabilitation Volym 24, nummer 4, Vintern 1998 Personal Assistance Services del 2 av 2. American Rehabilitaion är Rehabilitation Services Administrations (RSA) officiella publikation. Adress: 330 C Street S.W Washington D.C. 20202-2531. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs6/rsa1998sv.html (In Swedish.)
Association for Persons with Severe Handicaps (TASH) - Disability Advocacy Worldwide.  1997.  Resolution Opposing the Legalization of Physician Assisted Suicide.
In their 1997 resolution opposing the legalization of physician assisted suicide, the Association for Persons with Severe Handicaps (TASH) provides a long list of reasons for their opposition to physician assisted suicide, including the negative aspects of allowing physicians to have such power, the insufficiency of proposed safeguards, and dissatisfaction with the implementation of safeguards in conjunction with euthanasia in the Netherlands. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs6/tash199712.html
Rehabilitation Services Administration (RSA).  1998.  Resolutions on Personal Assistance Services.
Passed by Participants of the International Personal Assistance Services Symposium Sponsored by the World Institute on Disability, Convened September 29 to October 1, 1991, Oakland, California. Published in: American Rehabilitation, Volume 24, Number 4, Winter 1998, Personal Assistance Services, Part 2 of 2. American Rehabilitation is the official publication of the Rehabilitation Services Administration (RSA) 330 C Street S.W. Washington D.C. 20202-2531. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs6/rsa1998.html
Barnes, Colin.  2001.  Rethinking Care From the Perspective of Disabled People.
Conference Report and Recommendations (Draft). World Health Organization Disability and Rehabilitation Team. In this report to the United Nations World Health Organization, Professor Barnes, from the Centre for Disability Studies, University of Leeds, England, recommends that member nations adopt a holistic approach that includes the introduction of policies to eliminate poverty and secure equal access to all community based services and facilities. These include medical services, education, employment, housing, transport, public amenities etc. The responsibility of national governments for introducing and financing these developments is also addressed. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs6/barnes200106.pdf (PDF, 112 KB).
PDF icon barnes200106.pdf (111.34 KB)
Konczei, Gyorgy.  1999.  Rethinking Disability and Discrimination - A social and economic approach (Comparative Study).
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs5/equalisingopps.html and www.independentliving.org/docs5/equalisingopps.pdf
Miles, M.  2007.  Review - Epileptic Graphic.
Review of “Epileptic” by “David B.”, a remarkably frank account, in graphics and cartoon strip, of childhood and adulthood with an older brother having epilepsy, and a family doing the tour of cures in France of the 1960s and 1970s. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs7/miles200704.html
Nzioki, Nicky, Maganjo Agnes, Kariuki Catherine.  1992.  A review of current accessibility legislation in Kenya.
Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/cib/cibharare15.html
Dr. Adolf Ratzka.  2004.  Richtlinien für eine beispielhafte nationale Gesetzgebung für persönliche Assistenz.
Die meisten Menschen, die bei alltäglichen Verrichtungen, wie beispielsweise beim Aufstehen, beim Gang zur Toilette oder beim Baden auf Hilfe von anderen angewiesen sind, haben lediglich die Wahl zwischen einem sehr eingeschränkten Leben in einem Wohnheim oder im Elternhaus. Wie muss eine ideale nationale Gesetzgebung aussehen, die es ihnen mit Hilfe von Persönlicher Assistenz ermöglicht, als gleichwertige Bürgerinnen und Bürger vollumfänglich am gesellschaftlichen Leben teilzunehmen und den ihnen zustehenden Platz in der Gesellschaft, d.h. in ihren Familien, ihrer Nachbarschaft, und am Arbeitsplatz einzunehmen? Das Euro­päische Kompetenzzentrum für Persönliche Assistenz ECEPA ist ein Projekt, das von Menschen geleitet wird, die selbst auf persönliche Assistenz angewiesen sind. Die vorliegenden Gesetzgebungsrichtlinien entstanden aus deren gemeinsamen konkreten Erfahrungen mit den verschiedenen Systemen der persönlichen Assistenz in acht europäischen Ländern. Ein Projekt des Europäischen Kompetenzzentrums für Persönliche Assistenz, European Center for Excellence in Personal Assistance (ECEPA); Internetveröffentlichung: www.independentliving.org/docs6/ratzka200410a-de.html und www.independentliving.org/docs6/ratzka200410a-de.pdf (59 KB). Übersetzung für die deutschsprachige Schweiz durch ZSL Zürich, Mai 2006.
Brozek, Dorothea.  2004.  Richtlinien zur Förderung der Persönlichen Assistenz am Arbeitsplatz.
Internet Veröffentlichung URL: www.independentliving.org/docs7/brozek200409b-de.html (In German.)
Disabled Peoples' International (DPI) Europe.  2000.  The Right to Live and be Different.
In February 2000, 130 disabled people in twenty-seven countries discussed bioethics and human rights, and it is with pride that we make the following declaration. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs1/dpi022000.html
Miles, M, Hossain Farhad.  1999.  Rights and Disabilities in Educational Provisions in Pakistan and Bangladesh: Roots, Rhetoric, Reality.
Educational opportunities for children with disabilities in Pakistan and Bangladesh are seen in the context of the countries' religious, cultural and economic development. The relevance of Western concepts such as "human rights", "inclusion" and "empowerment" is critically examined. Internet publication URL: www.independentliving.org/docs5/mmiles3.html

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